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Jewish Settlements in Kalinindorf Region to Lose Individual Status

The Jewish colonies located in the region of Kalinindorf, Ukraine, the so-called first Jewish region in the Soviet Union, are to lose their individual character and are instead, to be merged into collectives, according to a decision of the Kalinindorf regional Soviet.

This program is to be carried out within a year. A central tractor station is to be organized for the purpose of serving the entire region.

The decision was taken at a plenary session of the executive committee of the regional Soviet and is in consonance with the general agricultural policy of the Soviet government to transform the farm lands into communally held and operated units where mass production methods may be applied and cooperation with the government in its grain raising policy may be advanced.

It was explained that though the decision of the regional Soviet is binding upon all the Jewish settlers of the region, individual settlers who will not agree to join the collective farms, giving up their individual possessions, will be enabled to carry on their farming separately. Only in such cases where the land held by an objector will interfere with the forming of the collective will his land be taken over and (Continued on Page 4)

other land given him outside of the confines of the collective. This is necessary since the tractors serving the collectives must operate over large and uninterrupted areas. The land given in exchange will be lower in value than that at present held by the individual, since, according to the ordinance governing the formation of collectives, the collective is to be given the best areas.

Under the arrangement, the collectives are obliged to turn over to the government one-third of their crop as payment for the tractor service. They are also obliged to sell the rest of their crop to the government at a fixed price on contract.

The tractors of the Agrojoint, agency of the American Jewish Joint Distribution Committeee, are not now being operated in the Kalinindorf region.

Ground for the new $500,000 building of the Hebrew Children’s Home at Grand Concourse and 205th Street, the Bronx, was broken Sunday by Nathan Hirsch, chairman of the building fund committee. District Attorney John E. McGeehan, Albert Goldman, representing Mayor Walker; Justice Albert Cohn, Miss Rose Rothenberg, Judge Harry Stackell, Judge Samuel D. Levy and Mrs. Rachel A. Bernstein, president of the Hebrew Children’s Home, were the speakers.

Subscriptions amounting to $94,710 were announced.

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