“yellow Ticket” for Jews in Nazi Passport System

What amounts to a “yellow ticket” for Jews was introduced into the German passport system this week. German passports do not contain details regarding religion and racial antecedents, but now, every passport issued to Jews has the name underlined twice. Apart from the fact that this serves as an indication that the holder of the passport is a Jew, it serves as a signal to the customs authorities to make a most careful and thorough search of the luggage of the traveller.

Every opportunity is being utilized to underline in this manner the passports held by Jews. Not only when new passports are issued, but also whenever a Jew’s passport is presented for extension of time, or for a visa, the opportunity is seized to mark the document.

Government assurance that there would be no interference with Jewish stock-brokers followed circulation among all stock-brokers of a questionnaire requesting that they state their race and religion, it was revealed today. The questionnaire naturally aroused considerable commotion among the brokers, with the result that the authorities found it imperative to issue their assurances.

HUNDRED JEWISH BROKERS

Altogether, it is estimated, there are one hundred Jewish stock-brokers in Germany, of whom 25 are in Berlin. Thirteen of these reach the age limit shortly when, in any case, they would be replaced by “Aryans.” Therefore, the authorities considered it most advisable to adopt a more gradual process of elimination in dealing with the brokers.

The state commissar for Berlin, Maretzky, today ordered the municipality not to honor bills presented by Jewish shoemakers. The order was not published but was circularized to all concerned, the Jewish Telegraphic Agency securing a copy.

The order prevents Jewish shoemakers from working for the municipal orphanages, homes for the aged and other institutions.

Bonfires and torch parades accompanied the burning of Jewish books yesterday at Heidelberg and Cologne Universities. The Heidelberg procession to the bonfire was headed by the entire university faculty with storm troops and members of the Stahlhelm participating in the affair.

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