those interested in this phase of the German situation.
EUROPEAN COUNTRIES CONSIDERED
Second, German Jewish refugees in continental countries. It is estimated that there are already from, 60,000 to 80,000 German Jews outside of Germanyâ€”have found temporary shelter, and in some countries, generous hospitality on the part of people and government They will probably not be able to remain long in these lands. The Commission, of which Mr. McDonald is the Chairman, is instructed to consider the problem of placing these alien refugees in whatever country may be induced to open its doors to them. To that end, the good-will of friendly governments, including our own, will have to be solicited, to raise the bars of restriction and the entry of a select number of alien political refugees. The present state of economic and financial warfare, which is one of the features reflecting the international unrest, does not seem to be favorable to a very large settlement of Jews in this field. But the moral support of the Commission and the financial support of. Jewish and non-Jewish organizations, are necessary if this enterprise is to be measurably successful.
Third, the settlement of German Jewish refugees in Palestine. That Palestine for the first time figures as an outstanding factor of redemption is reflected not only in the fact that over 8,000 German Jews have already entered Palestine, but also in the general attitude of German Jews toward the possibilities of Palestine. The Palestine offices of the Jewish Agency in Germany are daily crowded with eager inquirers for advice with reference to their migration to Palestine. The Juedische Rundschau reflects the eager and feverish interest of German Jewry with regard to the opportunities of Palestine.
Nor do conditions in Palestine disturb the feeling of confidence generated among Jews as to its possibilities for permanent settlement. There is a large unsatisfied field of industry and commerce which calls for an increased labor immigration. Taking into account the unfavorable economic conditions that prevail throughout the world, Palestine represents an astonishing exception to the general rule. It is developing its untapped resources. It is recovering what had been lost through hundreds of years of neglect. It is rapidly taking its place among modern Western states and reflects industry, creative ability and business adventure in all its pioneer aspects. It has no unemployment, although it is estimated that already this year about 35,000 Jews have entered the country.
TEN MILLIONS REQUIRED
The sum of $10,000,000 is required to deal with the entire German situation during the coming year and the same amount will in all probability have to be secured for the next three or four years. Of this amount, one-half ($5,000,000), it is calculated, should be assigned for the settlement of refugees in Palestine for whom place can be found in permanent and creative work, it being understood, of course, that this contribution of public funds will be augmented by the private funds brought into the country by many of the refugees themselves.
The proper reply to demonstrating Arabs in Palestine would be the opening of the doors of Palestine even wider for Jewish immigration, in view of the established fact that there is place during the next six months for not less than 22,000 Jewish workmen, these places having been created by the energy, the sacrifice and the perseverance of Jewish settlers. Instead of this reply, justice seems to be undermined by fear and under the theory that legal forms must be maintained. A procedure of midnight search and harassment is begun, although at the same time, nothing whatever is being done to check the illegal entrance of Arabs from the East and from the North.
In considering the place of Palestine in the scheme of Jewish salvation, we proceed with faith and confidence in the justice of our cause and rely upon England to correct the errors of its policy.
It is with confidence that through pressure of our own constructive work, the force of our own moral indignation expressing itself through the reconstruction of Jewish life, we shall break the bewitched circle of the political impasse created by the League, the Mandatory Government and the Arabs of Palestine. The Jewish Agency for Palestine proceeds with its plans determined that that door, once opened, through which already over 200,000 Jews have passed, shall not now be closed, but shall be opened even wider than before.
At the Prague Zionist Congress, a Commission was appointed to concern itself with this task, authorized to gather funds and to expend them in accordance with a plan to be worked out, calculated to absorb by means of this public fund, and through the available private and individual funds, as large a number of refugees as possible. The Jewish Agency has persuaded Dr. Chaim Weizmann, former President of the Jewish Agency for Palestine, to assume the direction of the financial and political work of this Commission and to set in motion the administration required for the fulfillment of its purpose. In this work Dr. Weizmann has the assistance of Dr. Arthur Ruppin, an economist, to whom is due in a large measure the development of the modern Jewish colonization work in Palestine. It is proposed that the fund which is to be collected will be devoted to constructive work to provide the basis upon which a normal economic life can be created through the cooperation of the self-supporting elements of German Jewry, as well as of the large mass of Jews who have been reduced to a state of poverty.