moting to the fullest extent within their power.
Manchukuo, formerly the Chinese province of Manchuria, has an area of 363,610 square miles and a population of approximately 30,000,000. Manchukuo is larger in area than France and Germany combined and is only sparsely settled.
Ever since the Russo-Japanese war, which Japan won, the huge area has been regarded as a special Japanese preserve. The only remnant of Czarist Russian occupation is the Chinese Far Eastern Railroad, jointly owned by the Soviet and Chinese governments, which the Japanese are now attempting to acquire for Manchukuo through negotiations with the Soviet government.
Manchukuo has been virtually independent of China ever since the revolution of 1911, being ruled by Chang Tso Lin and his son, and only nominally acknowledging the sovereignty of China.
PU YI ENTHRONED
In 1931, as the result of an alleged plot, Japanese troops drove the Chinese out and set up the empire of Manchukuo, placing on the throne Henry Pu Yi, former boy emperor of China who was ousted by the revolution. Pu Yi fled to Korea, a Japanese possession, for protection, and from there came to Manchukuo as Japanese-nominated emperor.
Japanese settlers are pouring into Manchukuo by the hundreds of thousands. Railroad lines are being built at a tremendous rate, most of them strategic lines leading to the Soviet frontier. Japan is known to be eager to colonize Manchukuo as rapidly as possible, fearing a war with the Soviet.