Soviet Collectives Report Progress

The Soviets of the three Jewish regions of the Ukraine, Kalinindorf, Stalindorf ### New Zlatapol, and the Frei### Jewish region in the Crimea ### concluded their conference ### took place soon after the ### conference of the Jewish au###omous region (Bureya). The ###egates, mostly leaders of collec### farms and village Soviets, ###ke of the many hardships which ### of the collectives and the re### as a whole have gone ##rough, especially during the last ###four years.

Most of these hardships have now been overcome, they reported, and much has been accomplished. The settlers feel themselves at home. They no longer possess the idea with which they came, that they had to be dependent and assisted. They have learned how to work, they use the most complex agricultural machinery, they have grown to love agricultural work, and they consider the collective farm system seriously. The old Jewish collective farmers and the new settlers have now been consolidated in one economic system, the conference was told.

The cultural work in the Jewish regions has also developed considerably, it was reported. Scores of new schools have been established during the last few years. These include pedagogic, cultural and veterinary high schools. Clubs, hospitals, libraries and reading rooms have been established. In recent months, a Yiddish theatre was built in Stalindorf. This theatre compares favorably with theatres in the larger cities. This also applies to the new hospital there.

At the same time, the delegates said there are still hostile elements in many of the collective farms engaging in sabotage. They kill horses and cattle and do much other damage. These elements must be mercilessly eradicated, the resolution adopted on this question says.

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