Berlin (Aug. 7)
The Nazi juggernaut rolled on today, spreading in its wake a wave of terror and suicides among Jews throughout Germany. Mass arrests of Jews and the closing of Jewish firms are reported from all parts of the country. In numerous places, Jewish houses were stoned under cover of night by uniformed Storm Troopers.
In Parchim, Mecklenburg, a majority of the entire Jewish population of thirty-four was placed under arrest.
The neighboring city of Hagenau witnessed the arrest of many Jews for giving aid to refugees from Parchim.
In Liegnitz and Goerlitz, towns near Breslau, ten Jews and eleven “Aryan” girls were arrested for being seen together. All were sent to concentration camps.
At Brenzlau, Julius Dobrin, a Jewish landlord, was arrested “for not being civil.” The Jew’s lack of civility was brought to the attention of the authorities as a result of an argument he had with a non-Jewish tenant.
In Muenchen-Gladbach, the suicide of Carl Fraenkel was reported. He killed himself in jail, where he was held on a charge of consorting with a German girl.
Uniformed storm troops, imported from neighboring cities, invaded the Jewish quarter of Finsterwald, near Frankfurt-am-Oder, and stoned every Jewish house. The stone barrage was accompanied by shouted warnings to the Jews to leave town immediately. The police of the city forced the storm troopers to leave finally, but before departing the Nazis threatened to return if the Jews remained in defiance of their warnings.
A massacre was narrowly averted in the town of Arendsee, Mecklenburg, when police arrived in time to frustrate a midnight attack by Nazis on the Jewish Home for Aged and Children. The Nazis had succeeded in battering down the doors of the home. They cut off the supply of gas, electricity and all telephone wires but one. This one line which the Nazis had overlooked enabled the home’s officials to notify the police, who arrived just as the Nazis had smashed the door.
The inmates of the home, comprising eighty children and eighty-eight aged, were immediately rushed to Berlin. The institution was closed.
The first official expulsion of Jews from a German community took place today in Bad Toelz, famous watering resort in southern Germany, where the Burgomaster of the town decreed that all Jews must leave within 24 hours.
A total 350 Jews, including sick and aged, were forced to leave. The Jewish-owned Park Hotel was ordered closed down despite the fact that the fifty “Aryans” in the hotel’s employ are thus rendered jobless.
Here in Berlin, one of the city’s most popular ice cream parlors, “Balsam,” owned by Jews, was closed to avoid anti-Jewish disorders. The store is located near the Kurfuerstendamm, scene of the recent violent outbreak against Jews.
The signal to terrorise Jews anew was given by Nazi headquarters through a published demand that special signs be forced upon Jewish stores, telling the public that the stores were operated by “non-Aryans.” The text of the order points out that German economy has not gained anything by tolerating Jewish trade.
In numerous cities in Silesia, Pomerania and Westphalia, the municipal authorities have issued orders forbidding the population to deal with Jews.
Hans Hinkel, newly appointed Prussian Commissar of Culture, today ordered the liquidation of all local Kulturbunds that are not affiliated with the Reich Union of Jewish Cultural Organizations. The order does not affect religious or educational institutions.