Holiday Marked by New Disorders in Poland; 50 Wounded in Warsaw and “holy City”

MORE THAN FIFTY JEWS WERE INJURED, AT LEAST EIGHT OF THEM SERIOUSLY, IN ANTI-JEWISH EXCESSES THAT BROKE OUT LAST NIGHT AND TODAY ON THE STREETS OF THIS CITY, CZESTOCHOWA, SO-CALLED HOLY CITY, AND OTHER PLACES IN POLAND.

MARKED BY ATTACKS ON INDIVIDUALS, SYNAGOGUES, SHOPS AND HOMES, AS WELL AS ATTEMPTS AT ARSON, THE EXCESSES WERE LAUNCHED BY ENDEKS AND NARAS AS JEWS WERE CELEBRATING SUCCOTH, THE FEAST OF TABERNACLES.

AT LEAST TWENTY JEWS WERE WOUNDED IN VARIOUS PARTS OF THE CAPITAL, SIX OF THEM SERIOUSLY ENOUGH TO REQUIRE HOSPITALIZATION. ENDEKS ARMED WITH IRON BAPS RAIDED A SYNAGOGUE ON GRZYBOWSKA STREET, BREAKING WINDOWS AND BEATING JEWISH PEDESTRIANS IN THE VICINITY. THEY ESCAPED BEFORE THE POLICE ARRIVED.

MANY JEWS WERE BEATEN BY BANDS IN SAXON GARDENS, WARSAW PARK WHICH HAS BEEN THE SCENE OF RECENT ANTI-JEWISH ATTACKS. JEWS RETURNING FROM SERVICES AT A SYNAGOGUE ON STENNA STREET WERE ATTACKED BY HOODLUMS. NARAS AT THE SAME TIME HELD A SERIES OF STREET DEMONSTRATIONS, FLAUNTING BANNERS WITH THE SLOGAN, “DEATH TO THE JEWS.”

ENDEKS TOOK ADVANTAGE OF A CATHOLIC DEMONSTRATION IN CZESTOCHOWA, IN WHICH 60,000 FROM ALL SECTIONS OF POLAND PARTICIPATED, FOR A SERIES OF ANTI-JEWISH ATTACKS. THIRTY JEWS WERE INJURED, TWO OF THEM SERIOUSLY.

THE ATTACKS IN THE “HOLY CITY” COINCIDED WITH DEMANDS VOICED BY THE ENDEK FACTION IN THE MUNICIPAL COUNCIL FOR EXPULSION OF ALL JEWS LIVING IN CZESTOCHOWA AND VICINITY.

A RESOLUTION INTRODUCED BY THE ENDEKS CITES THE CITY’S HOLINESS AND THE PRESENCE OF A FAMOUS CATHEDRAL AS REASONS FOR THE DEMAND. THE RESOLUTION ALSO ASKS FOR REVOCATION OF AN OLD LAW PERMITTING JEWS TO RESIDE IN THE CITY. AN ENDEK COUNCILLOR WHO MOVED THE RESOLUTION POINTED OUT THAT IN ANCIENT TIMES JEWS WERE NOT PERMITTED TO RESIDE WITH TWO MILES OF THE CITY, WHEREAS NOW THEY COMPRISE ONE FOURTH OF THE CITY’S POPULATION. THE RESOLUTION WAS NOT PUT TO A VOTE, THE COUNCIL’S PRESIDENT DECLARING IT VIOLATED THE CONSTITUTION.

ANTI-SEMITES IN THE TOWN OF WOLOMIN, IN THE WARSAW DISTRICT, POURED GASOLINE ON A SYNAGOGUE AND SEVERAL JEWISH HOUSES AND APPLIED TORCHES. THE FIRES WERE EXTINGUISHED WITHOUT MUCH DAMAGE HAVING BEEN DONE.

SENATORS MOSES SCHORR AND JAKOB TROCKENHEIM APPEALED TO THE AUTHORITIES FOR ACTION TO CURB THE NEW WAVE OF ANTI-JEWISH DISORDERS.

ECONOMIC DISCRIMINATION AGAINST JEWS MEANWHILE FLARED IN THE CITY OF LODZ, LARGE INDUSTRIAL CENTER IN WHOSE UPBUILDING JEWS HAVE PLAYED AN IMPORTANT ROLE. FOR THE FIRST TIME IN THE CITY’S HISTORY, JEWISH FIRMS WERE NOT INVITED TO PARTICIPATE IN THE LODZ INDUSTRIAL AND COMMERCIAL EXHIBITION. JEWISH ARTISANS DECIDED TO ORGANIZE THEIR OWN EXHIBIT OF HANDICRAFTS AND INDUSTRY.

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