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Italian Clubs Bar Jews

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Conforming to the new Italian racial policies, the leading clubs II Giardino and Twenty-third of March today decided to exclude Jews from membership.

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The digitization of the JTA Archive would not have been possible without the generous support of the following donors:
  • The Gottesman Fund
  • Righteous Persons Foundation
  • Charles H. Revson Foundation
  • Elisa Spungen Bildner and Robert Bildner, in honor of Norma Spungen
  • George S. Blumenthal
  • Grace and Scott Offen Charitable Fund