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177 Nuremberg Jews Survived; Unabie to Secure Return of Homes Occupied by Nazis

Of the 10,000 Jews who lived in this citadel of Nazism, from which the infamous anti-Jewish racial laws derived their name, only 177 have survived – 37 in concentration camps and 140 who succeeded in remaining hidden throughout the Hitler regime.

Mrs. Helen Nixon, of Holyoke, Mass., Red Cross worker attached to the military government, who made the survey of the surviving Jews, told a Jewish Telegraphic Agency correspondent today there was little hope that many more would return. Twenty-Four survivors brought home from the Theresienstadt camp reported that all other Jews from Nuremberg confined there had either been murdered or starved to death. Those who survived in the city did so through the influence of non-Jewish friends.

All the remaining Jews, including those who escaped deportation, are destintute. However, they are receiving the same food ration given United Nations nationals, unlike Frankfurt whose local military government ruled that the Jews be given the same ration as other Germans despite the years of malnutrition they were forced to endure.

Like all Jews remaining in Germany, they have discovered that the Nazi anti-Jewish measures are still in effect as far as their property is concerned. They have been unable to recover their homes and their possessions because there is no legal machinery set up as yet for restitution. The military government will not eject Germans and reinstate Jews without due process of law.

Mrs. Nixon, who undertook to aid the Jews because they were not receiving said from Nurenberg’s present municipal government, said that she is constantly besieged by American soldiers seeking relatives sent to concentration camps. “A few days ago, she said, “two boys from the Eighth Corps came to my office hunting for grandmothers who had once lived in Nurenberg. We discovered that both grandmothers had been sent to concentration camps and that they were dead.”

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