Commission Probing Cracow Anti-jewish Riots to Urge Court-martialling of Participants

The official commission investigating the anti-Jewish riots which occurred in Cracow on Aug. 11 has made its report to a conference of judicial and security officials of Cracow province, presided over by Minister of Justice Henryk Swiatkowski, and its findings and recommendations will be submitted to a court martial for action against the guilty, the Warsaw radio said today.

A report from Lodz received here today says that Aron Ellenblum, a Jew, was killed there last week when a band of armed gangsters invaded an apartment house and attempted to murder one of the tenants. In the disturbance that occurred when the prospective victim threw himself upon one of the gangsters in an attempt to disarm him, Ellenblum was shot. The dead man had recently returned from a concentration camp to find that his wife and two young children had been murdered by the Nazis.

The Warsaw radio also reported that Jews in Lublin lived in fear of pograms for several days as a result of anti-Jewish rumors spread among the Polish population by members of underground reactionary forces.

One of the rumors was that the Jews had killed a Pole named Dalkowski. Local authorities discovered that Dalkowski had been arrested by the security policy for terroristic activities and is now being held in the Lublin prison.

(A strong statement dencuncing the Cracow pogram and its authors “whoever they may be,” and stressing that responsibility for public safety rests with the Provisional Government, was issued today by the foreign committee of the Polish Socialist Party, in London. The party is headed by Tomaz Arcizewski, last premier of the Polish Government in-Exile.

(The history of Poland during the Czarist period and during the time of the Nazi occupation proved without a doubt that anti-Semitism was always in the vanguard of reaction and totalitarian tyranny, the statement said, adding that such activities threatened Poland’s freedom and independence.

(“The Polish Socialist Party,” it continued, “has always strongly opposed all symptoms of racial, religious and national hatred, regardless of whether they were of fereign or domestic origin. It will fight against any attempts to jeopardize the safety of our Jewish compatriots whe experienced such crual persecutions at the hands of the barbarous German invader.”)

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