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J.d.c 1946-48 Survey Shows Decrease in Relief Grants and Rise in Resettlement Work

A marked reduction in relief requirements abroad end an increase in reconstruction and resettlement operations were cited in a Joint Distribution Committee statistical survey covering the 1946-1948 period, released here today. The study depicted the J.D.C.’s operations in more than 25 countries in Europe, the Near East and the Far East.

The survey disclosed that while the number of persons aided by the agency to emigrate in 1946 and 1947 was 57,000, the figure rose to 125,000 in 1948. During the first third of 19149, the study noted, the J.D.C. aided close to 100,000 Jewish refugees to find new homes, mostly in Israel.

Child-care and youth-rehabilitation services also increased during the same Period, with the number of J.D.C.-maintained institutions In 1946 totaling 304 as compared with the I9I49 total of 489. Reconstruction and vocational retraining progress provided aid to 63,000 Jews in 1946, the study showed, while 95,000 displaced Jews were extended such assistance last year.

Through the 1946-1948 period, a total of 300,000 persons received treatment at J.D.C. medical centers. The number of schools maintained or aided by the agency in 1946 was 387 as compared with 883 in 1948. The number of persons receiving J.D.C. cash grants dropped from 106,000 in 1946 to 52,000 in 1948 while the monthly average number of persons receiving J.D.C. food grants dropped from 350,000 in 1946 to 276,000 last year.

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