Two Trials of Nazi Camp Commanders Open in Germany

The trial of a one-time SS man and assistant block leader in Buchenwald concentration camp, Heinrich Emde, started in Kassel today. He is charged with having murdered numerous Jewish, Russian and Austrian inmates. According to witnesses, he shot 21 Jews out of hand in the camp’s stables. Emde, who now works as a plumber, protested his complete innocence.

In Bremen, a trial opened of the former commander of Golleschau concentration camp, Mirbeth, and two of his lieutenants, all of whom are charged with the brutal and cold-blooded killing of Jewish inmates. Golleschau, a sub-camp of Auschwitz, held Jewish intellectuals for the most part, who were put to work under inhuman conditions in a stone quarry. At the trial, which is expected to last four weeks, a number of Jewish inmates now residing abroad will testify.

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