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Dulles Reports to Eisenhower on Talks with Eban; Senators Hopeful

Secretary of State John Foster Dulles reported today to President Eisenhower on his talks yesterday with Israel Ambassador Abba Eban and with Congressional leaders on Israel’s withdrawal from the Gaza and Akaba areas.

Senate Majority Leader Lyndon Johnson said after a talk with Secretary Dulles today that the Israel withdrawal situation appeared “somewhat more hopeful” than last week. Sen. Johnson, who has made known his opposition to punishment of Israel by sanctions, said that “time and patience” are now needed. “The important thing is to find a path to settlement which does not involve direct coercion, “he declared.

The Majority Leader expressed hope that the United States would “not act hastily.1 He said Mr. Dulles reported to him on yesterday’s conversation with Israel Ambassador Eban. He added that in his view “Israel should get out and the United Nations get in, simultaneously” with adequate and tangible protection of Israel’s sovereign rights.

Discussion of the issue of Israel troop withdrawal continued here today on a working level as Israel Minister Reuven Shiloah met with William Rountree, Assistant Secretary of State for Near Eastern Affairs. No information was released on the details of the meeting.

Sen. Stuart Symington (D., Mo.) today told the Senate “any application of sanctions against Israel in this air atomic age will reduce the security of the United States. “He urged that there should be a “doctrine of equality” and that if sanctions are imposed against Israel, they should be imposed on Egypt, India, and the Soviet Union. He said he feared the Administration was “now planning to carry out a policy of being strong against the weak and weak against the strong.” Sen. Wayne Morse (D., Ore.) endorsed Sen. Symington’s view.

President Eisenhower said today in a worldwide broadcast in observance of the 15th anniversary of the Voice of America that the way this country dealt “with the Suez crisis and its after-effects in the UN “demonstrated our conviction that international harmony begins with ‘a decent respect for the opinions of mankind.'”

He expressed his belief that “the well-being of the people of the Middle East requires the nations of that region to build up and strengthen their economies and institutions.” He said in order for constructive work to go forward the Middle East nations must be protected from Communism. “And so we give these countries the assurance that if such a danger develops, and if the United Nations machinery cannot deal with the danger, and a threatened country asks for our help, it can count on our help.”

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