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DEMOBILIZATION FOLLOWS DISENGAGEMENT ACCORD

The agreement calls for both sides to scrupulously observe the cease-fire on land, sea and air and to refrain from all military or paramilitary action against each other; the establishment of three zones–one on the east bank of the Suez Canal to be occupied by Egyptian forces, a buffer zone beyond that occupied by forces of the United Nations Emergency Force (UNEF), and a third zone extending from the eastern end of the UN area to the Mitla and Gidi passes to be held by Israeli forces; permission by Israeli and Egyptian air forces to operate up to their respective lines without interference from the other; and troop limitations by both sides in their respective zones subject to inspection by UNEF as before, including the attaching of Egyptian and Israeli liaison officers to UNEF.

The number of men and the quantity and type of military equipment to be retained by Israel and Egypt in their respective zones is governed by a separate accord, the text of which has not been published. (See separate story) The agreement also stipulates that neither Egypt nor Israel regard this as a final peace agreement but as “a first step toward a final, just and durable peace according to the provisions of Security Council Resolution 338 and within the framework of the Geneva conference.”

Elazar said the disengagement would permit the release of Israeli reservists. He said only a limited number would be released before the separation of forces is carried out in toto, after which some 40,000 men would be released in the first stage of demobilization.

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