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Morgenthau Accuses Kissinger of Two-faced Diplomacy; Says U.S. Seeking to Woo Arab World

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A prominent American political scientist accused Secretary of State Henry A. Kissinger of two-faced diplomacy and warned here yesterday that the U.S. is moving from a position of unqualified support for Israel to one increasingly aimed at regaining its influence in the Arab world. Prof. Hans Morgenthau, of the University of Chicago and City University of New York, spoke at an international relations seminar marking the dedication of the Hebrew University’s Leonard Davis Institute for International Relations. The same forum was addressed by Premier Golda Meir and Deputy Premier Yigal Allon.

Prof. Morgenthau, who has frequently expressed the view that the U.S. was giving up more than it gets for the sake of detente with the Soviet Union, characterized Kissinger as “a man of many faces” like Homer’s Odysseus. He said Kissinger is able to transform himself in every capital into a friend of that country. But there is danger in such diplomacy “that it may collapse should the various countries ever compare notes,” Prof. Morgenthau

said. Speaking at the same symposium earlier, Israeli Defense Minister Moshe Dayan described Kissinger as “the best diplomat in the world.”

Allon referred to the tense situation on the Syrian front and took the occasion to warn Damascus that a resumption of hostilities on its part would not dislodge Israel or endanger Israel’s security but “would jeopardize the efforts to reach a disengagement agreement.” If Israel is faced with extreme demands, Syria will find it immovable and no solution will be advanced, he said.

SOVIET AIM IS TO KEEP MIDEAST HOT

Premier Meir said earlier that Israel would part with the Syrian territory it captured in the Yom Kippur War as part of a disengagement accord but would never give up the Golan Heights captured in 1967. Israel’s retention of the heights is its only security guarantee in the north, she said.

Discussing Soviet policy. Mrs. Meir contended that while Moscow did not want global war or even the destruction of Israel, its aim in the Middle East is a continuing state of no peace. Nothing is impossible in Soviet ideology, she said. “They are far from idealism.” She did no think the Russians were encouraging Syria to reach a disengagement agreement with Israel along the Egyptian pattern. She expressed doubt that any accord could have been reached with Egypt if the Soviets had hand in it.

Leonard Davis, of New York, who contributed the funds for the new Hebrew University’s Institute, said that while international relations might be largely an academic subject in most countries they were of vital concern in Israel and at Hebrew University. The Institute’s director, University Prof. Saul Friedlander, stressed the policy-oriented programs of the Institute and the contributions it hoped to make towards government thinking and planning.

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