BERLIN (May. 27)
A leading German political party has come under
attack for allegedly using anti- Semitism to attract support.
The Free Democratic Party also became an object of controversy after the
party’s head, Guido Westerwelle, said he is willing to attract extremist
Westerwelle, who left Germany on Sunday for a visit to Israel and the
Palestinian-controlled areas, suggested in an interview that it would be
discriminatory to rule out potential supporters just because they may have
voted “in protest” in the past for extremist parties.
“If we, as a party of the center, can win these voters, then it is a
respectable goal and serves the goals of democracy,” he told the Bild am
The positions of FDP officials are coming under increased scrutiny because
the party is widely predicted to get the No. 2 spot in a coalition
government after Germany national elections are held in September.
Increasingly, the politics of the extreme right and extreme left in Germany
appear to converge when it comes to condemnation of Israel.
Even Neo-Nazis have begun to wear the kaffiyeh, or Arab headdress, as a
scarf — a fashion associated more with left-wing anti-Zionists.
Party Vice President Jurgen Mollemann has expressed sympathy for
Palestinian suicide bombers. He recently charged that the “hateful style”
of Michel Friedman, a vice president of the Central Council of Jews in
Germany, is partly responsible for growing German anti-Semitism.
Paul Spiegel, head of the Central Council, said he would not accept an
invitation to meet with the FDP leadership until Mollemann apologizes.
In the meantime, the FDP is now dealing with another embarrassment: a
barrage of anti-Semitic mail on its Internet pages.
Some 1,000 letters out of 7,000 were removed by Monday, according to the
party spokesman responsible for the FDP Internet site.
In the “speakers corner” on the home page, readers used expressions such as
“revolting, slimy Jew-lout” to describe Friedman.
The offensive Internet letters lend credence to concerns expressed by
Israeli President Moshe Katsav, ahead of Westerwelle’s Israel visit, that
problems within the FDP might reflect growing anti-Semitism in Germany.
When Westerwelle visited the Yad Vashem Holocaust Memorial in Jerusalem on
Monday, officials there condemned the use of anti-Semitic comments by FDP
Such concerns now appear to be shared by political leaders across the
mainstream spectrum in Germany.
German Chancellor Gerhard Schroeder of the Social Democratic Party has
expressed doubts that the FDP is prepared for a leadership role in the
Green Party leader Claudia Roth has filed a lawsuit charging Mollemann with
slander for his comments about Friedman.
Leaders of the opposition Christian Democratic Union increasingly seem
prepared to criticize their potential government coalition partner.
CDU General Secretary Laurenz Meyer did not rule out a CDU-FDP coalition,
but said Mollemann’s behavior put him out of the running for a ministerial
Edmund Stoiber of the Christian Social Union has challenged the FDP to
remove all suspicion that it is using anti-Semitism to win votes.
“Otherwise, the central consensus of all German democratic parties since
World War II will be in question,” he said.
Though Westerwelle denied his party is using anti-Semitism as a political
tool, he said it would be unfair to turn his back on those who voted for
extremist parties in the past.
Those who voted for the PDS — Party of Democratic Socialism, the
reconstituted Communist Party — or the Republicans, an extreme-right-wing
party, “are not necessarily extremists,” Westerwelle told Bild am Sonntag.
“It can simply be people seeking to vent their frustration.”
The latest troubles for the FDP began April 23, when Jamal Karsli, a state
legislator from North Rhine-Westphalia, defected from the Green Party and
applied to join the FDP, a move that Mollemann endorsed.
The state branch of the party decided to accept Karsli, who is of Syrian
heritage. But Karsli withdrew from the FDP on May 22, under pressure from
party leaders because of statements in which he compared Israeli army
tactics against the Palestinians to Nazi methods, and his reference to
“justifiable fears” of an international “Zionist lobby.”
Karsli later described his statements as “a slip of the tongue” and has
denied being an anti-Semite.
Though he is no longer in the FDP, Karsli remains a member of the state
legislature, sitting within the FDP faction.
He has retained the full support of Mollemann, who also heads the
For his part, Mollemann has defended himself against charges of
anti-Semitism, saying one must be allowed to express criticism of Israel
without being accused of anti-Semitism.
Whether Mollemann’s views reflect those of many Germans remains to be seen.
At least one writer to the FDP’s “Speakers Corner” thanked Mollemann for
“finally saying what at least 80 percent of Germans think.”