TORONTO (Dec. 11)
Jewish and Mormon officials met this week to discuss allegations that church members are still posthumously baptizing many deceased Jews, including thousands of Holocaust victims.
Seven years after the church signed an agreement to do all it could to stop the practice, new evidence has emerged that the church’s vast International Genealogical Index lists as many as 20,000 Holocaust victims — and perhaps many more — all evidently baptized by proxy after their deaths.
Ernest Michel, a Holocaust survivor who is chairman of the American Gathering of Holocaust Survivors, arranged Tuesday’s meeting in New York with church elders Monte Brough and Todd Christofferson, who traveled from Salt Lake City to attend.
“This is an informal meeting to discuss the issues and to see if there is common ground for further, more detailed discussions,” Michel said before the meeting, declining any additional comment.
Jewish and church officials were unavailable for comment regarding what transpired at Tuesday’s meeting.
Michel initiated an earlier round of negotiations with the church in 1995 after discovering that his parents, who perished in the Holocaust, had been posthumously inducted into the Mormon faith by zealous church workers acting “out of love.”
After protracted negotiations with Jewish officials in 1995, the church removed the names of 380,000 Holocaust victims from its database and agreed to work to prevent church members from trying to convert deceased Jews who were not related to them.
Church followers are required to research their own family trees and to submit the names of their non-Mormon ancestors for baptism by proxy.
For each name submitted, a proxy is baptized in a Mormon temple.
Ignoring church policy, some zealous followers have culled names from a wide variety of historical sources, including memorial books of Holocaust victims from Central and Eastern Europe.
Helen Radkey, a genealogical researcher in Salt Lake City, recently conducted a limited search in the International Genealogical Index’s computerized list of 2 billion names. She found some 20,000 Holocaust victims from Lodz, Krakow, Bialystok and elsewhere in Eastern Europe.
Radkey supplied the results of her research to Michel days before Tuesday’s meeting.
“This issue is really important to me,” said Radkey, an Australian-born Christian.
“The Jews have been treated badly by Christianity for 2,000 years. Any time someone or something in the Christian world seems to imply that the Jewish religion is inferior in some way, that is the bottom line for me. What the Mormons are doing is not acceptable, and the Jews need to say something.”
Radkey and others contend that the 20,000 Jewish names are likely just the tip of the iceberg.
“There may be hundreds of thousands of Jewish names in there,” said Bernard Kouchel, a retired builder and Jewish genealogist in Fort Lauderdale, Fla.
Having conducted his own search of the International Genealogical Index in recent weeks, Kouchel found scores of notable Jews, including Rashi, Maimonides, Menachem Begin, Irving Berlin, Samuel Bronfman, Marc Chagall, Hank Greenberg, Irving Howe and Gilda Radner.
Such revelations have led to angry accusations in Jewish genealogical circles that the church has done too little to uphold its seven-year-old agreement with the Jewish community.
Some genealogists have characterized the practice of turning dead Jews into Mormons as a brazen act that may obscure the historical record for future generations.
Expressing outrage in recent days at the persistence of a practice that they liken to the “forced conversion” of souls in the afterlife, some have hinted at the possibility of a class action lawsuit for damages.
Few have been placated by the church’s explanation that deceased persons may choose to accept or reject the baptism in the afterlife.
“From their point of view, it’s an article of faith, and from our point of view, it’s a slap in the face,” said Rabbi Abraham Cooper, associate dean of the Simon Wiesenthal Center in Los Angeles.
Some church officials have claimed that they cannot control the activities of all of their members.
Brough, one of the elder’s at Tuesday’s meeting, has said that Mormons who have submitted thousands of Jewish names for baptism intended only a “Christian act of service” and acknowledged that their acts were “misguided and insensitive.”
Jewish representatives now agree that the church must exert more control over its flock.
“It’s clear that there has been no serious monitoring” of what goes into the International Genealogical Index, said Cooper, who participated in negotiations with church officials last year to remove more than 200 Jewish names from the list, including those of Albert Einstein and David Ben-Gurion.
“This is something that keeps coming up, and the church is going to have to find a better way to put closure on it,” he said.