Here are highlights of the “road map” toward Israeli-Palestinian peace: GOALS: • A “final and comprehensive settlement of the Israeli-Palestinian conflict by 2005.” • The settlement will include “an independent, democratic and viable Palestinian state living side by side in peace and security with Israel.”• An “end to the occupation that began in 1967,” when Israel captured the West Bank, Gaza Strip and eastern Jerusalem from Jordan. The Palestinians demand the land for their state, but Israel wants at least minor adjustments to the borders, if not more. The plan does not mention specifically what the final borders should be.EVALUATION: • “The Quartet” — the United States, United Nations, European Union and Russia — “will meet regularly at senior levels to evaluate the parties’ performance.”PHASE I: The Palestinian Authority must: • Issue an “unequivocal statement reiterating Israel’s right to exist in peace and security and calling for an immediate and unconditional cease-fire,” ending attacks against “Israelis anywhere.” • “Undertake visible efforts on the ground to arrest, disrupt and restrain individuals and groups” conducting or planning terror attacks.• Dismantle “terrorist capabilities and infrastructure” and confiscate illegal weapons.• End all incitement against Israel. • Consolidate existing security organizations into three, under the control of the P.A. interior minister. • Hold free, open and fair elections. Israel must: • Issue an “unequivocal statement affirming its commitment to the two-state vision of an independent, viable, sovereign Palestinian state” and “calling for an immediate end to violence against Palestinians anywhere.” • Freeze all construction in Jewish settlements in the West Bank and Gaza Strip. • Immediately dismantle illegal settlement outposts built since March 2001. • Stop demolishing terrorists’ homes.• Withdraw its army from Palestinian Authority areas reoccupied since the intifada began in September 2000. PHASE II (as early as end of 2003): • Israel moves to “enhance maximum territorial contiguity” for the Palestinians. • Palestinian constitution is ratified. • An international conference launches the process leading to the establishment of a Palestinian state with provisional borders. • Quartet members will promote international recognition of the Palestinian state and U.N. membership. • Arab states restore pre-intifada links with Israel.PHASE III (2004-2005): • A second international conference will finalize a peace agreement that allows for a Palestinian state in 2005. The agreement will settle issues such as borders, Jerusalem, refugees, settlements and peace between Israel and other Arab states. • Resolution of the refugee issue must be “agreed, just, fair and realistic.”
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