Many Russian textbooks may be anti-Semitic, a study has found.
A joint study by the Russian Academy of Sciences and the Russian Jewish Congress found that many school history textbooks completely avoid the subject of the Holocaust, despite the fact that the Nazis and their collaborators killed millions of Soviet Jews.
Pogroms during the Russian Civil War were not mentioned in most textbooks. One textbook reportedly dramtically undercounted the number of Jews in the Russian empire in the 19th century, using the figure 175,000.
The researchers were unable to find a single textbook that adequately assesses the role of Jews in Russian history, and they plan to ask the Ministry of Education to review their recommendations, according to the Russian Jewish Web site Jewish .ru