A year ago, the push for a congressional amendment that urged the declaration of the Iranian Revolutionary Guards Corps as a terrorist group was signature legislation for much of the pro-Israel lobby. Only two dozen U.S. senators out of 100 opposed it.
Two of those opposed — Barack Obama (D-Ill.) and Joe Biden (D-Del.) — make up the Democratic Party ticket for president.
Republicans are hoping to score points on the issue, building on their criticisms of Obama for saying he would be willing to meet with the head of Iran without preconditions.
In a bit of political jujitsu, however, the Democrats are trying to turn the candidates’ opposition to the amendment into an asset.
Jewish Democrats rolled out the strategy this week on the first day of the Democratic convention here, saying the amendment sponsored by U.S. Sens. John Kyl (R-Ariz.) and Joe Lieberman (I-Conn.) wasn’t serious. Obama and Biden, the Democrats say, have a better plan to secure Israel from attack.
U.S. Rep. Debbie Wasserman Schultz (D-Fla.) told a roomful of Colorado Jews on Sunday that Obama’s sponsorship of legislation that would facilitate sanctions against Iran until it proves it is not developing nuclear weapons was the substantive way to go.
“This is not some fluffy sense of Congress resolution,” Wasserman Schultz said in an apparent allusion to the Kyl-Lieberman amendment, which was nonbinding. “This is a resolution with real teeth.”
Wasserman Schultz — whose preference in the Democratic primaries, U.S. Sen. Hillary Rodham Clinton, was criticized by Obama supporters for backing the Kyl-Lieberman amendment — elaborated later in an interview with JTA.
“Barack Obama backs up his words with action,” she said, adding that nonbinding resolutions “are great, but they don’t empower.”
Democrats are vying to maintain the traditional 3-to-1 Jewish split in favor of Democrats, particularly in swing states such as Colorado and Florida.
The theme, repeated throughout the day at Jewish events: Obama’s coupling of tough sanctions with diplomacy and building alliances is likelier to face down the Iranians.
“We need allies in that war,” U.S. Sen. Carl Levin (D-Mich.) said Sunday evening at a National Jewish Democratic Council gathering outside the modest brick Denver home that housed former Israeli Prime Minister Golda Meir when she was a teenager. “This administration has pushed off the people we need. We’re going to reach out to those people and pull in allies.”
Republicans made an issue of the vote within hours of Obama’s announcement of Biden as his running mate on Saturday.
“Biden has failed to recognize the serious threat that Iran poses to Israel and the U.S. and its allies in the Middle East,” the Republican Jewish Coalition said in a statement. “In 1998, Sen. Biden was one of only four senators to vote against the Iran Missile Proliferation Sanctions Act, a bill that punished foreign companies or other entities that sent Iran sensitive missile technology or expertise. Biden was one of the few senators to oppose the bipartisan 2007 Kyl-Lieberman Amendment labeling the Iranian Revolutionary Guard a terrorist organization.â€
Lieberman, the one-time Democrat turned Independent who is backing U.S. Sen. John McCain (R-Ariz.), the presumptive Republican nominee, already has made an issue of the votes in pitches to pro-Israel arguments.
The attacks already were discomfiting Democrats.
“It will be an issue only to an extent that the Republicans try to misrepresent and distort the nature of that vote,” said Alan Solomont, the Boston philanthropist who was one of Obama’s earliest backers and is one of his leading fund-raisers.
The American Israel Public Affairs Committee strongly backed the Iran measures opposed by Biden. But any disagreement over the issue appeared to be history for AIPAC when it came to weighing in on the selection of the veteran senator for vice president.
“Sen. Biden is a strong supporter of the U.S.-Israel relationship and he has longstanding ties to AIPAC and the pro-Israel community,” spokesman Josh Block said in a statement, echoing similar praise it has lavished on Obama and McCain. “Throughout his career in the Senate, Joe Biden has been to Israel numerous times and has gotten to know many of Israel’s most important leaders.”
Biden cast one of the four â€œnoâ€ votes in 1998 against the sanctions bill, which was vetoed by President Clinton, arguing that it could undermine U.S. progress in convincing Russia to curb arms sales to Iran.
“The administration had made significant progress over the six months with the threat of this bill in place,” said Biden, according to a report from the time in The New York Times. “I’m trying to approach this from a practical point of view: How do we insure this doesn’t continue?”
As for opposing the Kyl-Lieberman amendment, Obama, Biden and U.S. Sen. Chris Dodd (D-Conn.) — all candidates competing in the Democratic primaries at the time â€“ have said they did not oppose the step of labeling the Revolutionary Guards Corps a terrorist group. They had backed similar language in separate legislation, and an executive order by President Bush designating the corps as terrorist within weeks of the amendment’s passage caused barely a murmur.
Instead, according to the candidates, they objected to language tying efforts to contain Iran to American actions in Iraq. That, they said, would be handing Bush an excuse to intensify American involvement in an unpopular war.
Dodd, Biden and Obama used Clintonâ€™s vote for the amendment as a cudgel to batter their rival among the party base — a turn of events leading some critics to accuse them of putting politics ahead of the effort to pressure Iran.
Water under the bridge, said Steve Grossman, a former AIPAC president and a leading Clinton backer.
“If there’s one area where Barack Obama has taken a leadership role, it’s on legislation on Iran,” Grossman said, citing the sanctions-enabling act the Democratic candidate is pushing.
The act is stuck in the Senate; an anonymous Republican senator has placed a hold on it.
Grossman didn’t think the Kyl-Lieberman votes would have an effect.
“Will it ultimately determine Jewish votes? I don’t think so,â€ he said.
In its criticisms of Obamaâ€™s choice of running mate, the Republican Jewish Coalition noted that during a debate last December, Biden said â€œIran is not a nuclear threat to the United States of Americaâ€ and told MSNBC that he â€œnever believedâ€ Iran had a weapon system under production.
Biden, who has said that a nuclear Iran is an â€œunacceptableâ€ danger, made the comments following the release of a U.S. intelligence report concluding that Iran has likely halted its nuclear weapons program. The senator used the news to paint the Bush administration as having further damaged Americaâ€™s credibility and hurt its efforts to isolate Iran.
â€œIt was like watching a rerun of his statements on Iraq five years earlier,â€ Biden said during the 2007 debate, sponsored in Des Moines by National Public Radio. â€œIran is not a nuclear threat to the United States of America. Iran should be dealt with directly, with the rest of the world at our side. But weâ€™ve made it more difficult now because who is going to trust us?â€