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concentration camps

  • U.S. War Crimes Official Denies Former Concentration Camp Guards Get Mild Sentences

    Replying to charges by Jewish and antifascist organizations that former concentration camp guards were receiving light sentences because the prosecution was not fully utilizing available material in the hands of these groups and individual victims, Col. Howard Bresee, chief of the U.S. War Crimes Detachment here, said today that defendants who receive light sentences are… More ▸

  • Czech Court Trying Commander of Theresienstadt Camp; Jews Testify to Atrocities

    A charge that he was forced to confiscate the rings of Jewish prisoners and later drown them in a swamp was made today by a former prisoner named Hanus at the trial in Litomerice of Heinrich Joeckel, commander of a section of the Theresienstadt concentration camp. Other witnesses revealed that Jewish political prisoners were treated… More ▸

  • Pickets Demonstrate Before British Embassy to Protest Deportation of Jews to Cyprus

    Over four hundred people, wearing black arm bands, carrying placards assailing British policy in Palestine, and chanting “open the gates of Palestine,” demonstrated in front of the British Embassy this afternoon. They were headed by 12 leading rabbis of Washington. The black arm bands were worn in memory of the three Jews recently killed in… More ▸

  • S.s. Leader Who Commanded Ghetto Hanged in Czechoslovakia for Crimes Against Jews

    An Austrian S.S. leader named Knollmayer, who was vice-commander of the concentration camp at Sered, was hanged today following his conviction by a People’s Court at Bratislava. Knollmayer, 24, achieved notoriety in 1944 when he shot and killed the rabbi of Piestany and other Jews. Meanwhile, the long-drawn-out trial of Anton Vasek, Slovak puppet official,… More ▸

  • Nazi Chief of Staff Denies Knowledge of Under of Jews, Challenged by Prosecution

    Col, Gen. Alfred Jodl, former chief of staff of the German High Command, today denied before the International Military Tribunal that he knew of the extermination of Jews by German troops, although the prosecution submitted evidence showing that the Security Police, who carried out the massacres of Jews, operated under the Wehrmacht’s direction. Jodl said… More ▸

  • Nazi Youth Leader Charged at Nuremberg Trial with Deporting 50,000 Jews to Death Camps

    U.S. Prosecutor Thomas Dodd today confronted Baldur von Schirach, former gauleiter of Vienna and one-time Nazi youth leader, with documents proving that he had arranged for the deportation of 50,000 Jews to extermination camps in Poland. Dodd submitted to the International Military Tribunal the minutes of a meeting of Hitler, Hane Frank, then gauleiter of… More ▸