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concentration camps

  • Nazi Chief of Staff Denies Knowledge of Under of Jews, Challenged by Prosecution

    Col, Gen. Alfred Jodl, former chief of staff of the German High Command, today denied before the International Military Tribunal that he knew of the extermination of Jews by German troops, although the prosecution submitted evidence showing that the Security Police, who carried out the massacres of Jews, operated under the Wehrmacht’s direction. Jodl said… More ▸

  • Nazi Youth Leader Charged at Nuremberg Trial with Deporting 50,000 Jews to Death Camps

    U.S. Prosecutor Thomas Dodd today confronted Baldur von Schirach, former gauleiter of Vienna and one-time Nazi youth leader, with documents proving that he had arranged for the deportation of 50,000 Jews to extermination camps in Poland. Dodd submitted to the International Military Tribunal the minutes of a meeting of Hitler, Hane Frank, then gauleiter of… More ▸

  • Ten Sentenced to Death in Austria for Mass-slaughter of 250 Hungarian Jews

    Ten members of Hitler’s last-ditch Volkssturm the civilian army with which he hoped to stave off the encircling Allied armies last year, are today awaiting their appeals from the death sentence for their part in the mass slaughter of between 200 and 250 Hungarian Jews, murdered in a death march to the Mauthausen extermination camp…. More ▸

  • 677 Jewish Refugees Arrive Here from Europe on First Post-war Immigrant Ship

    Six-hundred and seventy-seven displaced Jews from Europe arrived here this morning aboard the converted troopship Marine Flasher, after a nine-day trip from Germany. They are the first immigrants to be admitted under President Truman’s directive facilitating immigration of displaced persons. Youngest of the arrivals was five-months old Johanna Koiser, whose parents are natives of Poland…. More ▸

  • Memorial Services for Thousands Murdered by Nazis Held at Theresienstadt

    Memorial services for the thousands of persons who died at the concentration camp and ghetto established by the Nazis in the Theresienstadt fortress were held here with high-ranking government officials and Czech and Jewish leaders attending. Speakers stressed that vigilance must be maintained to prevent the recurrence of fascism. More ▸

  • 58 Officials of Mauthausen Death Camp Sentenced to Death by U.S. Military Court

    A United States military court today sentenced 58 officials of the notorious Mauthausen concentration camp to death. Three other defendants received life sentences. The 61 prisoners were found guilty of torturing and murdering hundreds of thousands of persons, including many Jews, at the Austrian death camp. Their trial lasted 36 days. More ▸

  • U.S. Military and German Officials Not Enforcing Property Restitution in Bremen Area

    The American Military Government and the local German administration in the Bremen area are not enforcing the Allied Control Commission decrease on restitution of confiscated Jewish property, Karl Katz, president of the local Jewish community council, which also takes in Bremerhaven and other smaller towns, told the Jewish Telegraphic Agency. Katz said that half of… More ▸

  • Czech Policemen Accused of Torturing, Robbing Jews Sentenced to Prison Terms

    At the conclusion of a long trial marked by a number of exciting incidents including the surprise defense testimony of several Jews, former Czech policemen J. Hosek and M. Drahnovsky were today sentenced to eight to ten years imprisonment on charges of having tortured, robbed, and denounced Jews at the Theresienstadt concentration camp. The testimony… More ▸

  • Nazi Police Head Who Directed Killing of Jews Says He Was Unaware of Atrocities

    Ernst Kaltenbrunner, chief of the German Security Police, under whose direction millions of Jews were murdered in Eastern Europe, told the International Military Tribunal today that he was unaware of the extermination of Jews for many months and, when he learned of them, he had protested to Hitler concerning the policy of Gestapo chief Heinrich… More ▸

  • Italian Police Chief Arrested for Showing Sympathy to Detained Jews at La Spezia

    The head of the political section of the Italian Police, who had been assigned to the Italian ship “Fede” on which 1,040 Jewish refugees are being detained, was removed from his post and arrested by the authorities because he manifested sympathy for the Jews, Jewish leaders told a correspondent of the Jewish Telegraphic Agency today…. More ▸