Menu JTA Search


  • Central Jewish Committee Headed by Sommerstein Named Representative of Polish Jews

    The Central Committee of polish Jews, which is headed by Dr. Emil Sommerstein, a member of the pre-war Polish parliament and Zionist leader, will act as the representative of all Jews in Poland, it was announced today over the Lublin radio. The committee consists of representatives of the Zionists, the Jewish Socialist Bund, the Workers… More ▸

  • Polish Peasants Bringing Hidden Jewish Children to Local Jewish Organizations

    The Central Jewish Relief Committee here today reported that hundreds of Jewish children, sheltered in churches and in the homes of Polish peasants during the German occupation, are being turned over to Jewish communities in the liberated part of Poland where homes for Jewish orphans are being established under the supervision of Jewish leaders. "The… More ▸

  • Polish Jewish Leaders Puzzled over Dropping of Sommerstein by Lublin Government

    Polish Jewish leaders here expressed puzzlement today over the fact that Dr. Emil Sommerstein, Jewish member of the Polish Liberation Committee in Lublin, is not included in the new Provisional Government established there yesterday, composed of members of the Liberation Committee. It was pointed out that members of the Committee who were less important than… More ▸

  • Conference of Liberated Jewish Communities Discusses Economic and Cultural Revival

    The first conference of representatives of Jewish communities in the liberated district of Bialystok took place this week in the city of Bialystok. The conference was devoted to discussions of means of restoring Jewish economic life, the revival of cultural activities and the intensification of social welfare work. Addressing the gathering in behalf of the… More ▸

  • German Doctors Used Riga Jews As Guinea Pigs in Experiments with Insects

    A description of a “medical and zoological institute” established by the Germans in Riga, in which Jews from the ghetto were used in experiments to determine the best methods of combatting mortal diseases spread by lice, was given here today by five of the “guinea pigs.” The five, Simon Peyros, a chemist, and his 16-year-old… More ▸

  • Thirty Thousand Jews Remain in Liberated Poland; 250,000 Polish Jews in Russia

    The first official figures on the total number of Polish Jews surviving in liberated Poland and in various parts of Russia were issued here today by the Central Jewish Relief Committee in an appeal for urgent relief addressed to the Jews of America, England and Palestine. The appeal, transmitted through the Jewish Telegraphic Agency, establishes… More ▸

  • Moscow Reports Saga of Forty Vilna Jews Who Lived Ten Months in Sewers

    Moscow newspapers today report how forty emaciated, tubercular Jews spent ten months in the sewers of Vilna to escape execution by the Germans. The group, led by Mikhail Spokoiny and his brother, both engineers, decided in September, 1943, when the Nazis began to liquidate the Vilna ghetto, that the only possibility of escaping death was… More ▸

  • Gestapo Lures Thirty Rabbis to Death; Tells Them They Are Going to America

    Thirty rabbis from Germany, who had been deported to Minsk, were murdered there in the winter of 1942, after being lured to their deaths by a promise that they would be sent to America. The massacre was revealed by Boris Temchin, a young student who spent 28 months in the Minsk ghetto before he escaped… More ▸