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Moldova

  • 300,000 Jews Put Under Soviet Rule by Cession of Rumanian Areas

    More than half of Europe’s nine-and-a-half million Jews–roughly 5,180,000, with today’s cession of Bessarabia and northern Bukowina by Rumania to Russia–are now under Soviet domination. There are some 250,000 Jews in Bessarabia and approximately 50,000 in northern Bukowina. Bessarabia’s principal city, Chisinau (Kishinev), has a Jewish population of 45,000, while Cornauti (Czernowitz) in Bukowina has… More ▸

  • Rumanian Supreme Court Upholds Citizenship Revision Law

    The Supreme Court today upheld the constitutionality of the Citizenship Revision Law of 1938, under which a total of 225,222 Jews have been deprived of Rumanian citizenship. Rejecting the appeal of a Jew who had been denationalized under the law, the Court ruled that neither the 1938 measure nor any other Rumanian legislation contradicted the… More ▸

  • Germans Seized for Synagogue Arson in Bessarabia

    Bucharest dispatches reported today the arrest of several Germans on charges of setting fire to a synagogue in Acizi, Southern Bessarabia. The dispatches said that the Rumanian police had impressed upon the German minority in the province the Government’s determination not to tolerate persecution of Jews. More ▸

  • Fear of Soviet Invasion Adds to Jews’ Misery in Bessarabia and Bukovina

    The possible invasion of Soviet troops in this province of Bessarabia, which formerly was a part of Russia, hangs over Rumania like a nightmare. This correspondent arrived here to find that Rumanian officials, taking no chances, were speedily evacuating their families into the interior. Following their example, the banks and larger commercial establishments were transferring… More ▸

  • Arson, Attacks on Jews Reported in Bessarabia

    Reports of serious anti-Jewish excesses in Bessarab A, Rumanian province, were published here today. Bucharest dispatches said a number of Jewish owned buildings had been burned down, Jews had been attacked in several villages and Jewish schools compelled to close after threats by members of the outlawed Iron Guaro. More ▸

  • Rumania Closes All Jewish Libraries in Bessarabia; to Purge Bucharest Theatres

    All Jewish libraries and numerous Jewish-owned book shops in the province of Bessarabia were closed by the authorities today allegedly as centers of Communist propaganda. A meeting of the Cabinet Council, presided over by King Carol, decided to dissolve the Distom Company, which supplies the Government monopoly with such articles as tobacco and soap, and… More ▸

  • Pledged to Kill Jew, Bessarabian Peasant Dines then Attacks Old Friend

    AFTER TREATING HIS VICTIM WITH CAKE AND WINE, A BESSARABIAN PEASANT IN THE TOWN OF COJUSNA, WITH TEARS IN HIS EYES, ATTACKED WITH A KNIFE AND SERIOUSLY WOUNDED AN OLD JEWISH FRIEND BECAUSE HE HAD PLEDGED TO KILL AT LEAST ONE JEW, IT WAS REPORTED HERE TODAY. THE PEASANT, BASIL POGPEBNO, INVITED MOSES SCOLOVICH, A… More ▸

  • 50,000 Jews Suffer from Famine in Bessarabia, Convention Hears

    Fifty thousand Jews in Bessarabia have been suffering from their third famine in the last twelve years, it was declared at a special meeting of the executive committee of the Federation of Jewish Relief Organizations here. An anti-Semitic campaign by the peasants has accompanied the famine, it was reported. The committee decided to establish a… More ▸

  • Cuzists Beaten in Bessarabian Attack Attempt

    A large number of Cuzist anti-Semites were injured last night, when they attempted a mass attack on the Jewish quarter, in Botosani in the province of Bessarabia. The attackers, followers of the notorious Rumanian anti-Semite, Professor Alexander Cuza, head of an anti-Semitic political coalition, held a mass meeting in the town which was attended by… More ▸