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Rumania

  • In Romania, Signs of Life in a Once-vibrant Community

    In the garden of the Zion Synagogue, a grove of newly planted fruit trees is struggling for life. The synagogue, whose silver dome towers over this city of 210,000 in western Romania, has fallen into disrepair since it ceased functioning in 1995, a casualty of the city s declining Jewish community. Inside, the sanctuary is… More ▸

  • Around the Jewish World in Romania and Bulgaria, Jews Welcome Countries’ E.u. Accession

    The Jews of Bulgaria and Romania have something especially sweet to add to their New Year’s festivities: Approval of their countries’ applications for membership in the European Union. The European Jewish Congress welcomed Tuesday’s news. “We have witnessed positive improvements made by both countries in combating anti-Semitism and providing for improved Holocaust education.” EJC President… More ▸

  • First Person How the Past Reached out During a Recent Trip to Romania

    What I remember most about my great-uncle Pinkas is his age — and his hat. I only met him once or twice, when I visited Bucharest on journalistic assignments in 1978 and 1979. Pinkas, my grandfather’s brother, was then in his mid-90s. His wife had recently died, and he was staying with friends in a… More ▸

  • In Bulgaria and Romania, Delegation Talks Policy and Meets Local Jews

    American Jewish leaders who held substantive, wide-ranging talks with senior government officials in Bulgaria and Romania this week have been impressed by the revival of Jewish life in those countries. “The political agenda was a priority, and our meetings were very serious,” Malcolm Hoenlein, executive vice chairman of the Conference of Presidents of Major American… More ▸

  • Better Late Than Never, Romania Moves to Confront Holocaust Past

    The recent establishment of a historical commission to investigate the Holocaust in Romania is part of a belated effort by the government to clean up its act before entering NATO next year. It also is the fruit of close cooperation between the Romanian government, Jewish organizations and Holocaust research and memorial centers in Israel and… More ▸

  • Romania Takes Steps to Remove Statues of Dictator Who Killed Jews

    Just off the main thoroughfare here, hidden among endless blocks of massive Stalinist high-rise apartments, stands a bronze bust of Marshal Ion Antonescu, the Romanian fascist dictator who cooperated with Hitler and whose war crimes led to the deaths of 250,000 Jews during World War II. In recent years the statue, along with five other… More ▸

  • Anti-semitic Candidate Trounced in Romania, but His Party Remains

    One of Europe’s most notorious right-wing extremists lost the runoff vote in Romania’s presidential elections, but vowed to continue making himself heard. In Sunday’s second round vote, Corneliu Vadim Tudor lost by a 2-1 margin against Ion Iliescu, who served as Romanian president from 1990 to 1996. Still, Tudor’s Greater Romania Party will become Romania’s… More ▸

  • Around the Jewish World: Romania’s Jews Encouraged by Newly Elected Government

    Pinched between their drive for justice and the specter of an anti-Semitic backlash, Romania’s Jews are seeking to maintain their traditionally warm relations with the newly elected government in Bucharest. Leaders of the rapidly aging 14,000-member Romanian Jewish community have three leading goals. They are determined to recover properties seized by the wartime fascists and… More ▸

  • Around the Jewish World: Jewish Institute in Romania Serves As Community’s Heartbeat

    Moshe Carmilly-Weinberger recalls his first postwar visit to this Romanian city in 1988. “I came back, and I was looking for my body — the Jewish community, the Jewish choir, the Jewish high schools, teachers, students,” he recalled, peering through thick glasses from under a thatch of snow-white hair. Carmilly-Weinberger was the last rabbi of… More ▸