Menu JTA Search
  • Behind the Headlines the Jews of France

    — In a world of resorts, the French Riviera is queen. The portrait of this symbol of glamor includes beaches, perched villages and hamlets, sun terraces, promenades, art galleries, fireworks, flower shows, film and folk festivals, palm trees, gardens and red tiled roofs. More than 35,000 Jews live and work in this vacation land, from…

  • Paris Decree Reaffirms French Citizenship for Algerian Jews

    In a new decree published here today, the French Government officially re-confirmed the Cremieux Decree of 1870 under which all Algerian Jews whose ancestors had taken advantage of that older document are now “automatically French citizens with full rights.” The over whelming majority of the Algerian Jewish refugees fall into that category under the Cremieux…

  • Anxiety Among Algerian Jews Mounts; Community Leaders Leave Country

    Anxiety among the Algerian Jewish community continued to mount today as terrorist activities increased throughout Algeria. A 60-year-old Jew, Elie Cherbit, was in grave condition in a hospital today after being stabbed in the back near his home in Mascara, near Oran. The town’s ancient Jewish community is reported seriously concerned with the growing wave…

  • Right for Jews in Algeria to Decide on Citizenship Urged in Paris

    The Jews of Algeria should have the right to decide for themselves whether they wish to be French or Algerian citizens in an independent Algeria, Pierre Mendes-France, former Premier of France, told a packed press conference here today. Commenting that Algerian Jews were “truly in a unique situation,” the former Premier said that on the…

  • France Urged to Secure Guarantees for National Minorities in Algeria

    The French Government was urged today to insist on adequate guarantees by the Algerian Nationalists for all national minorities living in Algeria prior to granting independence to the country. The plea to the French Government was voiced by the former French Premier Guy Mollet, a Socialist leader, addressing a public meeting. “One of the essential…

  • Algerian Nationalists Consider Algerian Jews As Algerians

    A statement differentiating between the status-of Algerian Jews and European elements in Algeria was issued today in a denial of anti-Semitism by the representative here of the Algerian Front of National Liberation. A. Chanderli, permanent representative of the Algerian revolutionists, said: “With regard to Algerian Jews, we consider that they constitute a category completely distinct…

  • Edouard De Rothschild, Leading French Financier, Dies; Fought Abrogation of Cremieux Law

    Baron Edouard de Rothschild, financier, philanthropist, Jewish communal worker and sportsman, died here yesterday. He was 81 years old. A member of the world-famous banking family, the Baron was active in top banking circles in France for many years. When the Nazis overran France, he fled to the United States with his wife. He later…

  • Algeria Cleansed of Anti-jewish Legislation, Jewish Leader Reports; Lauds J.D.C. Relief

    All civil and political rights have been restored to the Jews of Algeria, and no traces of Vichy racial legislation remain, Elie Gozlan, secretary-general of the Jewish community of Algeria, today told the Jewish Telegraphic Agency. Mr. Gozlan arrived here from North Africa this week to attend the forthcoming World Jewish Conference in Atlantic City….

  • Members of Vichy Militia Admit They Assassinated Georges Mandel

    Three members of Joseph Darnand’s Vichy militia who admitted they assassinated Georges Mandel, Colonial Minister in Leon Blum’s cabinet, will soon be tried before a special tribunal here. Three senior Vichy police officers, including the chief of the Versailles police, who aided in the assassination, are also to be tried. It is believed that the…

  • Confiscated Property Not Yet Restored to Algerian Jews, Status of Cremieux Law Unclear

    Property confiscated from Jews in North Africa during the Vichy regime has not yet been restored to them, although it has been more than a year since Gen. Henri Giraud announced that all Vichy legislation was invalid, and despite the pledges by Gen. De Gaulle and the French Committee of National Liberation that such property…