(JTA) — The City Council of Paris endorsed the International Holocaust Remembrance Alliance definition of anti-Semitism on Friday, becoming the first capital city in the world outside Israel to do so officially, according to a statement by the Israeli Embassy in France.
Only a few of the 163 delegates objected in the vote by a show of hands to the resolution.
Hundreds of anti-Semitic incidents occur annually in Paris.
The definition has been a source of ongoing debate in the United States and beyond.
Its text lists as examples of anti-Semitism classic tropes alongside some forms of vitriol against Israel, including comparing its policies to Nazi Germany and “denying the Jewish people their right to self-determination, e.g., by claiming that the existence of a State of Israel is a racist endeavor.”
The definition also states that “criticism of Israel similar to that leveled against any other country cannot be regarded as antisemitic.”
Critics, including many pro-Palestinian activists, cite freedom of speech concerns.
In 2019, the French parliament’s lower house passed a resolution endorsing the IHRA definition following acrimonious debates.
The United States, United Kingdom, Germany, Romania, Canada and Australia are among the dozens of governments that have adopted the IHRA definition.