NEW YORK (JTA) –There was little new in the dueling speeches of John Kerry and Benjamin Netanyahu.
In remarks from the State Department on Wednesday, the secretary of state reiterated the vehement opposition of the United States to Israeli settlement construction and its belief that the chances for Israeli-Palestinian peace are dying. The Israeli prime minister countered shortly after that settlements are not the issue and if peace prospects are receding, it’s because of Palestinian rejectionism.
“The settler agenda is defining the future of Israel, and their stated purpose is clear: They believe in one state, greater Israel,” Kerry said in remarks carried live from the State Department.
Barely an hour later, Netanyahu was having none of that.
“If only the [United States] government put as much energy into fighting Palestinian terror as it does in condemning the Jerusalem house, maybe there would be a real chance for peace,” he said.
This spat has bedeviled U.S.-Israel relations since Barack Obama and Benjamin Netanyahu both took office in 2009. Within months of assuming the presidency, Obama called for a freeze on settlement expansion as part of his efforts to jump-start stalled peace talks. And Netanyahu conditioned his 2009 endorsement of a two-state solution on Palestinian acceptance of Israel as a Jewish state.
Neither of those positions is new. In his speech, Kerry emphasized that every U.S. administration, regardless of party, opposed Israeli settlements. And Netanyahu pointed to a longstanding American commitment, also across administrations, to defend Israel against delegitimization in international forums.
Kerry ended his speech by laying out six principles to guide Israeli-Palestinian peace, but those weren’t especially new, either. The principles – including two states with secure and recognized borders, Jerusalem as a shared capital with free access to holy sites, and a solution to the Palestinian refugee problem that doesn’t change Israel’s character – mostly were a summary of more detailed parameters that President Bill Clinton laid out just before he left office 16 years ago.
“I do think he cares deeply about this, he thinks he’s saving Israel from itself,” David Makovsky, who worked under Kerry during the latest round of Israeli-Palestinian talks in 2013-14, said on a conference call Thursday hosted by the Jewish Federations of North America. “If it’s going to be a Jewish state and democratic, he’s going to share those lessons. He can’t just walk off the stage.”
Makovsky, who is also a fellow at the Washington Institute for Near East Policy, noted that Kerry spoke shortly before a French-led summit on the peace process, which Israel is boycotting, and said the address may be meant as preparation for the gathering. But Kerry’s personal investment in guiding Israel to a two-state solution also motivated this one last call for peace, Makovsky added.
When Clinton issued his parameters, Israel and the Palestinian Authority were in ongoing negotiations and a Palestinian state seemed within reach. Peace seems far less likely now, with the Israeli government leaning firmly to the right and the Palestinians still unwilling to negotiate directly.
Kerry admitted as much in his speech. Intended as a strident defense of a two-state solution, the speech in fact showed how difficult such a solution would be to achieve now. Even as he blasted the ballooning of Israeli settlements, saying that 270,000 more settlers are living in the West Bank since Obama took office, Kerry also criticized the Palestinians for ongoing incitement and glorification of terrorists.
“Despite our best efforts over the years, the two-state solution is now in serious jeopardy,” Kerry said. “The truth is that trends on the ground — violence, terrorism, incitement, settlement expansion and the seemingly endless occupation — are combining to destroy hopes for peace on both sides and increasingly cementing an irreversible one-state reality that most people do not actually want.”
The speeches were effectively closing arguments to a longstanding debate in the waning days of the Obama administration. Ambassador Dennis Ross, a former U.S. peace negotiator, said recent Israeli moves to expand settlements prompted Kerry and the Obama administration to issue their final word on the matter.
“I think they felt the need to make a statement given the character of settlement activity,” Ross told JTA Thursday. “It’s hard to see what the impact is. In terms of Secretary Kerry, I think its like he wanted to get this off his chest.”
A defensive Netanyahu sounded incredulous that Kerry was focused on blaming Israel when so many other problems plagued the Middle East. And as he has many times before, the prime minister described Israel not as an occupier but as the sole democratic society in a chaotic region.
“This is what the secretary of state focuses on as one of his concluding speeches?” Netanyahu said. “The whole Middle East is going up in flames, full states are collapsing, terror is spreading and for an hour the secretary of state attacks the only democracy in the Middle East, that keeps stability in the Middle East.”
Kerry, for his part, took nearly an hour to get to his six principles for peace – an hour spent defending the administration’s record on Israel, in particular its refusal to veto a U.N. Security Council resolution last week describing the settlements as illegal.
“If we had vetoed this resolution just the other day, the United States would have been giving license to further unfettered settlement expansion that we fervently oppose,” Kerry said. “It is not this resolution that is isolating Israel. It is the pernicious policy of settlement construction that is making peace impossible.”
Kerry’s speech also was an attempt to lay out longstanding American policy on Israel before President-elect Donald Trump takes office. American presidents since 1967 have opposed settlement construction, and recent administrations have explicitly called for a Palestinian state. But Trump’s nominee for ambassador to Israel, David Friedman, is a settlement supporter who has suggested the two-state solution ought to be reconsidered.
Netanyahu said he looks forward to working with Trump, who joined him in attempting to block last week’s Security Council resolution. And Kerry noted that in a few weeks, an administration will take office that may be far more amenable to Netanyahu’s positions.
“President Obama and I know that the incoming administration has signaled that they may take a different path, and even suggested breaking from the long-standing U.S. policies on settlements — Jerusalem and the possibility of a two-state solution,” Kerry said. “That is for them to decide, that’s how we work.”
In other words, the eight-year debate could soon be over.