Thousands of children are being firmly set on the road to health and normal vigor in summer camp colonies maintained by means of funds contributed by the men and women of America to the child-care work of the Joint Distribution Committee in Eastern Europe, according to the latest reports received in this country from the European headquarters of the organization in Berlin, through which the entire overseas program of relief and reconstruction activities is conducted.
The outstanding development as regards the child-care program in particular–a fact inceasingly stressed by Dr. Bernhard Kahn, European directo of the J. D. C., in the course of the work within the last year–is the manner in which the communities themselves are coming to take their natural place in initiative and material responsibility, in large and larger measure, for the care of children, upon whom the war and its resultant economic havoc have laid such a heavy affliction of poverty, homelessness, and lowered vitality.
Year-round, sustained child-care work has become an established and recognized principle among the leaders in Jewish communal affairs in all the countries in which the J. D. C. has for nearly a decade held guardianship of tens of thousands of war and pogrom-orphaned boys and girls.
The manner in which the initiative and method of the American work, now directed particularly to the fundamental aims of health and education, have won the sanction and awakened the participation of the Jews of Europe, is shown in the entent to which the communities themselves are nor only assuming responsibility for carrying out the program but also making every effort to contribute as large a share as possible out of their own means for the support of the work.
In all the countries, summer colany activities began in May. Far larger amounts than ever before, Dr. Kahn ## have been contributed from local sources in this period, in which the effort to safegmard sick and undemourished children from the ordeal of the summer months in the ## and ## cities becomes the major phase of the work. Only a very few of the local central committees were not able to hear a share in arranging for such summer colonies. In most of the countries, the child-care work is supervised direculy through the J. D. C.
A decree of the president of the Polish republic is now pending cander which the social organizations recognized by the Ministry of Social Welfare would be entitled to reparyment of certain expenses from the ## and the state. If the decree is carried out, the Child-Care Committer for Poland may ## sulsantial amounts from the government.