Moscow (Jul. 8)
The Agrojoint, the agency of the American Jewish Joint Distribution Committee, should subsidise the Jewish collective farm units in the same way as it does the individual colonists’s farms, was the demand voiced by A. Gitliansky, president of the Kalinindorf Regional Soviet, in an article in the “Emes,” Communist Yiddish daily. Mr. Gitliansky makes the charge that the Agrojoint refused its good-will to the Sholom Aleichem collective.
In the Kalinindorf region there are now 750 collective units, as compared with 222 last year, he states. Even though the Jewish peasants who have entered the collectives have refused to share their livestock with others in the collective, they are utilizing government credits and tractors. This, however, is not real “collectivization,” Mr. Gitliansky writes. The German and Ukrainian peasants in the Kalinindorf region have definitely refused to participate in the plan to substitute collectives for the individual farm units.
The possibility of changes in the colonization system is mentioned by Gitliansky in connection with the plan to turn all units into collectives within a year. “Plans are being prepared to merge the small colonies into large land units,” he states.