Settling Jews on the land, providing small credits to place heads of families in gainful occupations, child welfare work including trade training were among the major undertakings American Jewry financed in Eastern Europe and Palestine in the past four years with approximately $14,300,000 contributed to the American Jewish Joint Distribution Committee for the reconstruction of Jewish life abroad, it was made known yesterday.
An analysis of the Joint Distribution Committee expenditures since its last campaign in 1926 presented by James N. Rosenberg, vice-chairman of the Joint Distribution Committee to the leaders of the New York drive in the Allied Jewish Campaign of which he is chairman, at a meeting in the Hotel Biltmore headquarters, to acquaint them with the details of the Joint Distribution Committee activities. For the continuation of its work in Eastern Europe and Russia, this organization has been allotted $3,500,000 of the $6,000,000 quota the campaign seeks throughout the country, while $2,500,000 has been allotted to the Jewish Agency for Palestine.
$2,264,000 FOR SMALL LOANS
The largest single undertaking, according to the statement, is the Jewish farm settlement program in Russia, to which $5,000,000 was assigned at the outset of the campaign five years ago. This work is now being carried on by the American Society for Jewish Farm Settlements in Russia, and does not share in the present campaign.
The sum of $2,264,000 of the receipts of the campaign was used to provide small loans ranging from $11 to $60 through financial institutions aided by the Joint Distribution Committee in fourteen countries of Eastern Europe outside of Russia, and in Palestine, chiefly to enable artisans to buy tools, small shopkeepers their stocks and merchandise, and farmers their seed and equipment.
MANY MILLION DOLLAR ACTIVITIES
During this period the Joint Distribution Committe has devoted $1,626,000 to child welfare work in Eastern Europe and Palestine, Mr. Rosenberg said. Other million dollar activities were the maintenance of cultural institutions in Eastern Europe and Palestine, for which the Joint Distribution Committee has spent $1,488,000 since 1926; and the conduct of general health and medical work in Eastern Europe and Russia, for which $1,221,000 has been expended.
Since 1926, the Joint Distribution Committee has contributed $900,000 to the Palestine Economic Corporation, for granting long term agricultural credits, for assistance to cooperative societies, for application to housing, credit, and mortgage loans, and for credits for public works which have given employment to several thousands of people in Palestine. An additional $50,000 was provided by the Joint Distribution Committee as an emergency loan fund for individuals who could not be taken care of by the cooperative.
$1,488,000 FOR CULTURAL WORK
The $1,488,000 expended for cultural work in Eastern Europe and Palestine, Mr. Rosenberg explained, has supported 2,023 institutions with approximately 245,000 students, and has revived and restored elementary, middle and higher systems of learning among Jews of all shades of belief. An additional sum of $315,000 was expended in educational activities and relief of teachers and rabbis elsewhere.
$4,483,00 SPENT IN POLAND
Poland stands second among countries where the Joint Distribution Committee has been operating, $4,483,000 having been expended there including a sum of $1,280,000 expended by the Foundation from funds made available by the Joint Distribution Committee and the Jewish Colonization Association.
The Joint Distribution Committee gave $1,438,000 to Palestinian activities, and in Roumania $769,000 was expended, including also allotments by the Foundation. Some ranging from $400,000 to $2,500, were expended in Lithuania, Czechoslovakia, Austria, Germany, Hungary, Latvia, Turkey, Greece, Bulgaria, France, and Belgium.