Rumania Frees 3 Accused in 1930 Pogrom
Menu JTA Search

Rumania Frees 3 Accused in 1930 Pogrom

Mihai Rosca, Mihail Chichifor and Mihai Nichifor, anti-Semitics charged with organization of a pogrom against Jews in the village of Balaceana in the province of Bukovina, in July, 1930, were freed by a district court here. The trial had been postponed many times. All three denied knowledge of the pogrom.

The Balaceana outbreak was one of the worst of a series of anti-Jewish attacks in the province of Bukovina. After the notorious anti-Semitic agitators Danila and Totu had toured the country-side inciting peasants, all Jewish houses in the district were painted with swastikas to enable attackers to single them out.

Jews who were on the streets were killed, a large number wounded and the local synagogue and all Jewish shops were looted and demolished. Soldiers were sent to the town from a near-by garrison and were compelled to fire on the mob before it would disperse. Fifty peasants were arrested, but were later released.

Anti-Jewish attacks also occurred in other near-by towns. In Borsha the entire Jewish district was burned to the ground.