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Fault is Found with Method of Making Citizens

The alien seeking naturalization in this country cannot be expected to be either a constitutional lawyer or a walking encyclopedia of general information, Henry B. Hazard, assistant to the United States Commissioner of Immigration and Naturalization, declared yesterday at an all-day institute on naturalization and citizenship conducted by the National Council of Jewish Women at the Young Men’s Hebrew Association, Ninety-second street and Lexington avenue.

In a recent survey by the commissioner, Mr. Hazard revealed, it was found that, of 848 typical questions asked candidates for citizenship, only twenty per cent required reasoning power, the other eighty per cent being requests for mere statements of fact.

QUESTIONS LISTED

Among the questions which naturalization officers deemed fitting to pose, the speaker said, were:

“How high is the Bunker Hill monument?”

“How many stars are there on a quarter?

“What does the Constitution of the United States prohibit and why? What does it guarantee and why?”

Adequate answering of the last question, he observed, would take several good-sized volumes.

The meeting was attended by 150 delegates from twenty-five sections of the National Council in the metropolitan area. Mrs. Jules Hart of Yonkers presided.

Mrs. Ruth M. Shipley, chief of the passport division of the Department of Labor, and Frank L. Weil, president of the Y. M. H. A., also spoke. In the afternoon a forum was held on pending immigration legislation, with Miss Cecilia Razovsky, immigration expert of the Council, conducting.

PUSHES ALIEN BILL

Among the bills now in Congress which the Council is striving to have enacted is H.R. 6795, which would give the Secretary of Labor the right to employ discretion in cases of non-criminal aliens where disruption of families was involved and to permit certain classes of persons here temporary to secure permanent residence without being obliged to leave the country. The measures propose to strengthen existing statutes dealing with deportation of alien criminals.

The service of the Council to the foreign-born has official national endorsement in this country and recognition abroad, Mrs. Hart stated. The Council is one of the most active women’s organizations in the field of liberalizing legislation affecting the immigrant and the foreign-born.

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