U.S. Held Ripe for Campaign Against Jews
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U.S. Held Ripe for Campaign Against Jews

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The United States is fertile ground for an anti-Jewish campaign because of its present crisis, the National Conference of Jewish Social Service, in annual convention here, was told last night by Miss Lillian Shapiro, of the Jewish Social Service Association of New York.

Presenting a paper on this problem, Miss Shapiro declared that Father Coughlin’s and Senator Long’s programs should be considered reactionary from a Jewish standpoint. She emphasized that the Fascist movement which is now developing in America contains a definite tendency to increase anti-Semitism in the country.

Miss Shapiro urged a closer relationship between Jews and labor and emphasized that organized labor is always against anti-Semitism, not because of sentimental reasons but simply because of its experience that, wherever a movement against Jews is started, it is invariably followed by a movement against labor.


Jewish economic adjustment problems and programs must be based on occupational redirection when viewed from a world aspect, according to authorities on such efforts being carried on now in Palestine, Germany and in Eastern and Central Europe, who reported last night to the conference.

The principal speakers of the evening were Dr. David Lvovitch of the World Executive of the ORT in Paris, Dr. Max Kreuzberger of the Central Jewish Relief Bureau


in Berlin, and Israel B. Brodie of the American Economic Committee for Palestine. Dr. M. J. Karpf of New York presided at the session.

The speakers on Palestine and Central and Eastern Europe told of partial success in occupational redirection effected in Poland, Germany, Palestine and Soviet Russia. Dr. Lvovitch pointed out that in Poland considerable success in retraining Jews away from commercial and professional occupations to industrial work has been achieved.


In the earlier session yesterday, Dr. I. M. Rubinow of Cincinnati discussed the relationship between Jewish private philanthropy and a general program of public relief. He declared that with the expansion of public financing of social work, private philanthropic efforts must not be dropped by the Jews, especially insofar as they concern institutional activities.

“Jewish communaal functions,” Dr. Rubinow said, “must remain a special Jewish responsibility, as long as a conscious Jewish group remains.”

Personality adjustment in modern Jewish life was discussed at a dinner sessoin of A. A. Roback of Boston and Benjamin Maltberg of the New York State Department of Mental Hygiene. Dr. John Slawson of the Jewish Board of Guardians of New York presided.

An important discussion of the type of child coming into child care institutions at the present time was held before a group of institutional executives. Benjamin L. Winfield of Newark, N. J., presided.

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