WARSAW (Nov. 27)
A week-long press and radio campaign to stimulate large-scale Jewish emigration from Poland was climaxed today by inspired editorials in all Government newspapers hinting that Poland might emulate German methods of calling international attention to her emigration problem if other means failed.
Gazeta Polska welcomed the international discussion of the emigration problem, but declared: “Attempts to limit the problem to refugees from Germany are received in Poland not only with surprise but with far-reaching reservations. Such attempts, made by states which alone are able to contribute to a radical solution, are likely to strengthen those holding that the methods of Germany are the only efficient ones.”
Declaring that there existed in Poland two different Jewish problems — Jewish emigration and the danger of a Jewish invasion from Germany — the Government newspaper urged world public opinion to realize that any attempt to solve the Jewish problem must begin in Poland. “The Jewish problem will not disappear from international discussion unless a radical solution is found, which is not likely without Polish cooperation,” the paper asserted.
Kurier Poranny and other Government papers published similar editorials, while the National Democratic newspaper, Warszawski Dziennik Narodowy, demanded anti-Jewish legislation following the German, Italian and Czech example, to compel the Jews to press international agencies to find territory for Polish Jews outside Poland.
An expedition to Africa to study colonization possibilities, like that sent to Madagascar two years ago, was announced by War Minister Kasprzycki, president of the Polish Explorers’ Society, in an interview with Gazeta Polska. The expedition, General Kasprzycki said, will be headed by Prof. Edward Leth of Warsaw University and will carry on its exploration chiefly in Uganda and Kenya. Prof. Joseph Czekalski of Poznan University, expert on colonization problems, will be a member of the party.
The Polish Colonial and Maritime League adopted a resolution stating that Poland with its population of 35,000,000 “must have colonies.” The resolution, passed on the 20th anniversary of the League’s foundation, stressed that Poland had a right to such territory. It added that the Government considers the country’s colonial claims and its need for raw materials sources extremely important questions which should be given international consideration.
Nationalist students today broke up a lecture at Warsaw University by Prof. Meir Balaban, Jewish historian, wounding a number of Jewish students. The lecture had been arranged as an exclusively Jewish affair. An investigation and punishment of all guilty persons was promised by Warsaw University’s dean following a complaint by Prof. Balaban.
The authorities have permitted 50 children, among 5,000 Polish-Jewish deportees from Germany detained at the frontier station of Zbonszyn, to join relatives in the interior of Poland.
Former Minister of Justice Waclaw Makowski, Professor at Warsaw University and one of the drafters of the Polish Constitution of 1935, was elected President of the Sejm (Chamber of Deputies) at its opening session here today.
(Prof. Makowski is known as an ardent adherent of the Government’s Camp for National Unity, but is not considered to be a supporter of the anti-Semitic wing.)
Reports that two Danzig Jewish Socialist leaders named Stein and Grunberl had been tortured to death by Danzig Nazis were denied here today. Both men were said to be alive, having been released after they were tortured.