Moscow (Feb. 2)
Although the Germans murdered tons of thousands of Jews whom they deported to Transnistria, they did not do so without a struggle, it was disclosed here in a report made public today.
The report reveals that in many towns in Transnistria, which was the name given by the Nazis to the section of the Soviet Ukraine held jointly by German and Rumanian troops, armed Jewish insurrections took place. In the towns of Smotrichi, Gusiatin, Staraya-Uschitsa and Dunayevtsy, all in the Kamenetz-Podolsk area, groups of young Jews harrassed the Germans, and, in some cases, engaged in pitched battles with them.
At Gusiatin a group of young Jews killed the German sentries guarding an ammunition dump and made off with tommy-guns which they used to attack a German detachment leading a group of Jewish deportes to Kament-Podolsk. The German guards fled and many Jews escaped. This band was led by Leva Golohaber, now a captain in the Red Army.
In Staraya-Uschitsa about 20 young Jews attacked German guards who had thrown grenades into a column of deportees. In the bloody battle that followed many Germans and most of the Jews were killed, but a few of the latter succeeded in fleeing.
In the gheto of Dynayevtsy there were about 8,500 Jews who were used as forced labor building roads. The German guards would amuse themselves by placing some of the Jews in rubble up to their necks and leaving them there to die. One day, when they were no longer able to bear these spectacles, the Jews revolted, refused to work and stoned the guard, killing many of them.
That night a punitive detachment arrived in the ghetto. The residents were stripped of all their clothes, and next morning were driven to work in their underclothes. Eighteen youths were hanged from telegraph poles. Eventually, when the road building job was finished, all of them were thrown into a flooded mine and left to die.