Nuremberg (Nov. 20)
Herman Goering, Julius Streicker and Alfred Neuberg displayed noticeable nervousness today as Allied prosecutors, addressing the hearing session of the four-power trial of the 20 top Nazis, listed the crimes against Jews of which the three are accused and charged them with responsibility for the masscre of 5,700,000 Jews in Europe.
When the “horror pages” of the indictment, outlining the Nazi atrocities against Jews were read, Goering leaned forward in the dock to listen attentively. He also put on his ear phones at the mention of Nazi anti-Jewish fulminations in the presen period. After hearing how Jews were tortured and used as human guinea pigs at the (##)iecim extermination camp during the Nazi occupation of Poland, Goering sat back (##)in, his arms resting limply on his knees.
Streicher sat bolt upright when his name was mentioned in the 25,000-word indictment read by Sidney S. Alderman, of the American prosecuting staff. His lawyers had sought without success to have his “mental capacity” examined.
Alfred Rosenberg remained aloof from the proceedings until he heards “Defendist Resenberg stated anti-Semitism is the unifying element of the reconstruction of Germany. On another occasion he also stated that Germany will regard the Jewish question as solved only after the very last Jew has left the continent.” When the prosenter read this, all the defendants looked at Rosenberg, who in turn looked at the seiling and the floor, fiddling nervously with a paper in his hand.
Members of the prosecution teams have agreed to dispense, as far as possible, with oral witnesses and use captured documents and motion pictures showing Nazi cruelties and war crimes. The Russians and the French will set forth the Nazi crimes against humanity, under which the mass-killing of Jews is listed. The Americans and the British will present the case of crimes against the peace and the actual war crimes.