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Pakistan “filibuster” Delays Work of U.N. Palestine Body; Poles, Czechs Speak Today

A two-hour address by the Pakistan delegate today threw a monkey wrench into the timetable of the U.N. Ad Hoc Committee on Palestine, resulting in postponement until tomorrow, of scheduled addresses by the Polish and Czech delegations, which were eagerly awaited as a possible clue to the Soviet stand.

Although Pakistan became a member of the United Nations through the partitioning of India, the Pakistan delegate Sir Zafrullah Khan in his maiden speech, which assumed the character of a fillbuster, bitterly attacked the UNSCOP majority recommendation for the partitioning of Palestine. He termed the partition plan a “physical and geographical monstrosity” and also opposed a Uruguayan resolution for the immediate admission of 30,000 Jewish DP children and their parents and guardians to Palestine.

“There are five million DP’s in Indian East Punjab and Pakistan West Punjab. Why not admit them to the United States?” he asked. He proposed that the Jewish DP children be admitted not to Palestine, but to countries where “prosperous Jews” could afford them homes.

SLAVS WILL SIDE-STEP ENDORSEMENT OF PARTITION; MEET WITH RUSSIANS

There was considerable annoyance among the delegates at the length of the address by the Pakistan delegate since most of its was a repetition of the traditional Arab argument. It was the hope of the members of the Ad Hoc Committee to hear the views of Poland and Czechoslovakia, whose delegates have been in consultation with the Soviet delegation on the Palestine issue.

Information obtained by the Jewish Telegraphic Agency from highest Polish and Czech authorities discloses that neither of the two countries will commit themselves fully to the UNSCOP majority recommendation. Czech delegate Jan Masaryk, in his speech tomorrow, will state clearly that although the Czechoslovak UNSCOP member signed the majority recommendations, the Czechoslovak Government is not giving “overall approval” to these recommendations.

Polish delegate Jozef Winiewicz will indicate that his government would prefer the establishment of Palestine as a bi-national state, but since this does not seem possible at the present moment he will urge the U.N. to concentrate “above all” on a careful analysis of the UNSCOP majority recommendation in the hope that the suggested economic unity between the proposed Jewish and Arab states, plus the elimination of British interference from Palestine, may lay the basis for a future Arab-Jewish rapprochement, which in turn can further the process of creating a bi-national democratic state.

SOVIET STATEMENT EXPECTED AT AD HOC COMMITTEE THIS WEEK

All indications point to the fact that the line taken by Poland and Czechoslovakia will pave the way for a similar statement from Russia, which is expected to be {SPAN}##sented to the Ad Hoc Committee before the end of this week, and which will leave ## door open for further and much clearer statements by the Slav governments at the assembly. It is believed here that the discussions at the Ad Hoc Committee are less ##nificant than those which will take place on Palestine next week at the Assembly, ## the decisive vote on the UNSCOP report will be taken,{/SPAN}Despite the interest with which both the Soviet and American statements are {SPAN}##,{/SPAN} none of the delegates here expect that either of the two powers will touch {SPAN}##{/SPAN} means of implementing whatever decision the Assembly takes. Yet, the question of {SPAN}##{/SPAN} the U.N. will carry out its recommendations is considered to be the most important aspect of the Palestine discussions.

One possibility that is foreseen is the establishment of a U.N. police force ##posed of units from the smaller nations, to maintain order during the interim between the withdrawal of British troops and the establishment of independent Arab ## Jewish states which can keep the peace.

In this connection the sentiment among the delegates is that if any such ##int force is formed under the supervision of the Military Staff Committee of the ## Security Council, it should be composed of units coming from two Latin American countries and two neutral European countries such as Sweden and Belgium. This would ## the first international police force formed by the U.N., since the Security Council ## no such force at present.

All this points to the fact that the question of how to implement the U.N. decision on Palestine may be referred to the Security Council, while other aspects ## the question will be referred to the Political Committee and some even to the ## Committee. There is also the question of the borders between the Jewish and ## Arab states which may be referred to a special committee, since even the delegates supporting partition are not satisfied with the borders set under the UNSCOP majority plan.

MOSLEM SAYS JEWS’ CONTRIBUTION TO PALESTINE DOES NOT JUSTIFY STATEHOOD

The Pakistan delegate, in opposing partition, described all Jewish claims to Palestine as “untenable.” He admitted that Palestine Arabs derived benefits from Jewish colonization, but said that such benefits could not constitute a claim for the establishment of a Jewish state. He likened the Jewish claims that they had developed Palestine to Mussolini’s regarding benefits he had conferred on Ethopia and to the British in India.

Sir Zafrullah asked that independence be granted to Palestine and a government ## established there “in accordance with the wishes of the majority of the people of Palestine.” He said that the UNSCOP partition plan “would weave a carpet of the ## design” and that the proposed Jewish state received more advantages than the Arab state, which would lack opportunity for economic expansion, and in its food grain area would support only ten percent of the Arabs.

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