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Italian Government Rules Jews Are Not Exempt from Reconstruction Tax

The Italian Government has ruled that Jews in Italy who survived persecution during World War II cannot be exempted from paying a post-war reconstruction levy that has been applied to all Italian residents who were not considered “enemies” by the Fascist regime. Finance Undersecretary Vincenzo Russo said arguments to exempt Jews were “worthy of full consideration under a human aspect” but lacked a “convincing legal basis.” The levy was imposed in 1947 to help rebuild Italy’s shattered economy. Many Italian Jews have demanded exemption on the grounds that they were treated far worse than enemy aliens by the Nazis.