THE HAGUE (Oct. 1)
The Netherlands Minister of Justice, Dr. Carel Polak, has refused pardons to three Nazi war criminals serving life sentences in Breda prison for their roles in the deportation of 100,000 Dutch Jews during World War II. Dr. Polak, who is Jewish, acted after the Cabinet decided against introducing a law that would have made it possible for the Nazis to be freed on probation. Public opinion was opposed to such a law. The prisoners, the last three Nazi war criminals still incarcerated in Holland, are Josef Kotaella 61, Fritz Ausderfuenten, 59 and Franz Fischer, 67.