Man Fined for Circulating ‘protocols’
Menu JTA Search

Man Fined for Circulating ‘protocols’

Download PDF for this date

A founding member of Jean-Marie Le Pen’s extreme right-wing National Front was fined the equivalent of $1,700 for reprinting and circulating a notorious anti-Semitic libel, “The Protocols of the Learned Elders of Zion.”

Christian Ricard, 61, was found guilty by the court of justice in the southern French town of Rodez.

The “Protocols,” a forgery purporting to expose a Jewish plot to rule the world, was written in Paris for the czarist secret police about 100 years ago. Its circulation in France is a criminal offense.

Founding Funders

The digitization of the JTA Archive would not have been possible without the generous support of the following donors:
  • The Gottesman Fund
  • Righteous Persons Foundation
  • Charles H. Revson Foundation
  • Elisa Spungen Bildner and Robert Bildner, in honor of Norma Spungen
  • George S. Blumenthal
  • Grace and Scott Offen Charitable Fund