concentration camps

  • Gestapo Chief of Theresienstadt Concentration Camp Executed in Czechoslovakia

    Rudolf Heindl, Gestapo commandant of the Theresienstadt concentration camp, was executed in the courtyard of the Litomerice prison this week, two hours after he was found guilty of a long series of war crimes. During the two-day trial preceding execution, scores of survivors of the notorious Nazi camp told the court that he directed several… More ▸

  • Memorial Honoring 3,000 Hungarian Jews Who Perished in Death March Unveiled in Austria

    Kurt Lewin, Israeli representative to Austria, today unveiled a memorial at the Jewish cemetery in Eisenerz-Styria honoring the 3,000 Hungarian Jews who were murdered during the infamous death march from Hungary to the Mauthausen concentration camp in Austria in 1945. Representatives of the Austrian and Hungarian Governments, as well as more than 100 inmates of… More ▸

  • Noted Berlin Synagogue Burned Down by Nazis in 1938 Reopened with Prayers for Israel

    Special prayers were recited here today for Israeli soldiers and for the people of Israel at dedicatory services for the rebuilt synagogue near the Weissensee Cemetery, the largest Jewish cemetery in Berlin. The synagogue was burned down during the November, 1938, pogroms in Germany. An 83-year-old former inmate of the Theresienstadt concentration camp, M. Horowitz,… More ▸

  • Nazi Camp Official Gets Death Sentence in Poland; Jewish Informer Excommunicated

    Kurt Schupke, former commander of the German concentration camps in Plaszow, Sanok, Zaslaw and Rzeszow, was sentenced to death today by the War Crimes Court in Krakow for participating in the execution of thousands of Jewish camp inmates. Meanwhile, the Central Jewish Committee is considering numerous charges against Jew accused of working with the Germans… More ▸

  • Rumanian Jews Appeal to United Nations to Halt Arab Aggression on Israel

    A resolution calling on the United Nations to take immediate steps to halt the fighting in Palestine was adopted here today at a mass meeting sponsored jointly by the Democratic Jewish Committee and the Federation of Jewish Communities. A huge crowd, including representatives of the Rumanian civil and military authorities, commemorated at Bistritza the fourth… More ▸

  • German Jew Called to Testify Against Top Nazi Diplomats in Nuremberg Trial

    A 64-year-old German Jew was called on today to testify in the trial of 21 top German diplomats and ministers who are charged with war crimes against humanity. Dr. M, Mosses, who was dismissed from the German civil service in Berlin in 1933 because he was facially unreliable,” told the court he served as legal… More ▸

  • Trial of Gestapo Leader Responsible for Death of Thousands of Czech Jews Opens

    The trial of Dieter von Wisliczeny, former Gestapo chief and advisor on Jewish affairs to the Slovak puppet government, opened today in Bratislava. Wisliczeny is charged with responsibility for deporting thousands of Czechoslovak Jews to death camps in Poland. In 1942, the indictment against Wisliczeny says, the defendant promised to halt the deportation of Jews… More ▸

  • Czech Cabinet Urges Legalization of Jewish Marriages Performed Under Nazi Regime

    The draft of a law legalizing religious and common-law marriages which took place at the Theresienstadt concentration camp during the Nazi occupation has been submitted by the cabinet to parliament, it was reported here today. Under the proposed legislation, which also includes a section giving marital rights to fiancees of men who died in concentration… More ▸