Washington, D. C (Jul. 23)
A study of homes for the aged in the United States has just been completed by the United States Bureau of Labor Statistics. The complete data secured in the course of the study covered 1,03 ### homes sheltering nearly 69,000 persons and involving the expenditure of more than $26,000,000 per year.
It is estimated on the basis of the figures secured that approximately 80,000 persons can be cared for in homes for the aged maintained by fraternal, religious, trade-union, and other organizations.
Visits were made to about 150 homes in several States and a summary of the conditions found in these homes is given in the July issue of the “Monthly Labor Review.” The visits to the homes showed the different types of homes and the kind of accommodations provided for the guests as well as the various special features serving their interests or comfort. The study was one which developed much human interest as it shows the problems which those in charge of the homes have to meet and the degree of success achieved in making the old people happy. In general it was found that the matrons had the interests of the residents of the homes at heart, but in a few cases, which were outstanding because of their small number, the guests were treated with no consideration and the spirit of some of the old people in the homes had evidently been broken to the point of humility by their position.
An article on the status of old-age pension legislation summarizes the provisions in the States which have enacted such legislation. During the present year four States-California, Minnesota, Utah and Wyoming-have
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provided for the establishment of old-age pension systems, making a total of ten States and the Territory of Alaska having such legislation at the present time. California is said to have probably the best law on this subject yet enacted in this country. The law provides a pension up to $1 a day to citizens over 70 years of age who for 15 years have been residents of the State and citizens of the United States. The system is to be administered by the county, or city and county, and supervised by the State, one-half of the cost to be borne by the State.