A report issued by the Central Committee for Jewish Aid and Reconstruction on the eve of the New Year, made public today, says that about 15,000 families of Jewish professionals have been affected by the “Aryan paragraph” since the Nazis came into power.
Not less than 90,000 Jews in Germany have applied through various Jewish institutions supported by the Central Committee for relief and advice during the preceding twelve months, the report says.
It establishes that 2,000 Jews who were in State and Government employment have been forced out of their positions and have lost their livelihood.
4,000 LAWYERS OUT
Similarly, 4,000 Jewish lawyers and judges are no longer in a position to practise. Four thousand Jewish doctors have been dismissed from the sick funds, including 1,000 who lost their positions in hospitals and kindred institutions. Two thousand of these doctors are in great distress, as their savings cannot last much longer.
Of 800 “non-Aryan” university professors who lost their positions, eighty-five per cent are Jews. Three hundred and fifty university professors were deprived of their pensions on October, 1933. About 1,200 Jewish newspaper men have been dismissed on account of the new press law. Two thousand Jewish actors, stage directors, musical conductors have found themselves suddenly without work on account of the “Aryan paragraph.”
35,000 JOBLESS IN BERLIN
For all those affected by the “Aryan paragraph” the various economic branches of the Central Committee provided relief, and wherever possible also employment. In Berlin alone work was found for 200 unemployed Jewish artists. The task of finding work for unemployed Jews has been carried out by the Joint Central Office of the Jewish Labor Exchange which has twenty regional labor exchanges, approved by the Government.
Unemployed, totaling 35,511 Jews, have asked for assistance in the Berlin Jewish Labor Bureau alone during the last three months of 1933. Experts have worked out numerous plans for the Central Committee how to adjust the Jews in new professions. At present 6,059 Jews are being readjusted to new work; fifty per cent are trained as artisans, twenty-seven per cent are trained as farmers, and sixteen per cent as gardeners.
LOANS FOR ARTISANS
During the year in question the educational department of the Reichsvertretung der deutschen Juden has set up a number of new schools and expanded the activities of the existing Jewish educational institutions. About one-third of all German Jewish childrenâ€”18,500 out of a total of 60,000â€”are at present attending Jewish schools. There are today in Germany ten Jewish secondary schools, five of which prepare their pupils for entering universities later.
Special efforts have been made to uphold the economic security and independence of the Jewish artisans. Jewish loan banks have been created with the assistance of the American Joint Reconstruction Fund and the American Joint Distribution Committee. The capital of these loan banks reaches now 1,125,000 marks.
SEEK ADVICE ON EMIGRATION
The report establishes that no less than 60,000 Jews have applied to the Hilfsverein der deutschen Juden for advice on emigration up to the end of 1933. In Berlin alone about 30,000 people asked for advice how to leave Germany. The Hilfsverein has repatriated 18,694 Jews from Germany to their native countries and has also given financial assistance to 5,490 Jewish families who emigrated to European countries.
The Archive of the Jewish Telegraphic Agency includes articles published from 1923 to 2008. Archive stories reflect the journalistic standards and practices of the time they were published.