State Dept. clarifies Obama statement on Iran’s nuclear breakout time


(JTA) — President Barack Obama did not mean to say that the deal on Iran’s nuclear program afforded it a short breakout time within 13 years of signing, a State Department spokeswoman clarified.

Marie Harf said Tuesday that Obama meant to say that not signing the deal would afford Iran the short breakout time — a term that refers to the period necessary for reaching offensive nuclear capabilities.

Harf’s clarification was about an interview that Obama gave that day to NPR News, The Associated Press reported, in which he said, “We’re purchasing for 13, 14, 15 years assurances that the breakout is at least a year. And then in years 13 and 14, it is possible that those breakout times would have been much shorter. But at that point we have much better ideas about what it is that their program involves.”

Harf told reporters, “I think his words were a little mixed up there, but what he was referring to was a scenario in which there was no deal.”

Obama’s latest statement on breakout time was characterized in the media as an acknowledgement of a weakness in the deal, prompting fresh criticism on the agreement by House Speaker John Boehner (R-Ohio), who said it was “a direct threat to the peace and security of the region.”

On April 2, the United States and five world powers announced that they had reached a framework agreement with Iran that removes some sanctions against the Islamic Republic in exchange for a verifiable scaling back of its nuclear program. Israel has vocally opposed the deal, along with prominent figures from Gulf States.

Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu of Israel has warned that the deal risked making Iran a nuclear threshold state, poised to develop nuclear arms within a short breakout time made possible because under the deal, Iran gets to keep infrastructure for developing such weapons.

Last week, U.S. Secretary of Energy Ernest Moniz said that Iran already “has a current breakout timeline of two to three months,” which he said “will be expanded to a minimum of a year” under the deal.

On Wednesday, The New York Times published an editorial criticizing Netanyahu’s demand that the final deal include Iranian recognition of Israel’s right to exist.

“Mr. Netanyahu is acting as if he alone can dictate the terms of an agreement that took 18 months and involved not just Iran and the United States but Britain, France, Germany, Russia and China,” read the editorial, which was titled “Israel’s Unworkable Demands on Iran.”

In the NPR interview, Obama also said that presenting the demand to Iran would be a “fundamental misjudgment.”


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