The Vatican will open archives covering the period 1922-1939. The period covers the papacy of Pope Pius XI, and ends just before the ascendance of Pope Pius XII, who has been accused of turning a blind eye to Nazi treatment of the Jews. However, some papers could shed light on the activities of Pius XII when he was a papal envoy to Germany and then the Vatican’s secretary of state. Among other actions, he negotiated a Vatican treaty with Germany at the onset of Nazi rule and was believed to favor accommodation with the Nazis. The BBC, which reported the plans to open the archive, said it will be limited to scholars.
July 3, 2006