Digest of Public Opinion on Jewish Matters

[The purpose of the Digest is informative: Preference is given to papers not generally accessible to our readers. Quotation does not indicate approval-Editor.]

What can the Jews expect from Pilsudski if he succeeds in returning to power? This question is asked editorially by the”Day” (May 15), which analyzes the situation as follows:

“As is the case with most Socialists Pilsudski is stronger as a critic of the present than as a builder of the future. And as regards the future of Poland, It seems that he has no definite program. One thing can be said with certainty: Jewish pogroms or anti-Jewish economic oppressions do not belong to his program. This separates him from the various outspoken anti-Semitic parties in Poland. The Jews therefore have no reason to be disturbed by Pilsudski’s victory-although his ‘legions’ in their time did not stop at destroying Jewish communities whenever they could-but neither have they any special cause to be happy over it. Even if we have full confidence in Pilsudski’s good intentions to protect the weak and abused we must not forget the Polish people itself which expresses its will through its representatives, who for a long time made the life of Pilsudski himself bitter. Moreover, the Jews have had the opportunity to become convinced than Pilsudski does not understand the Jewish national demands. He is familiar with the concepts of the Jewish right and left assimilationist elements, but not with the concepts of Jewish cultural automony.”

WANTS MANDATE SYSTEM APPLIED TO MINORITY TREATIES

The Minority Treaties ought to be as active a force in world nothinics as the Mandate system has already become. It is urged in “Foreign Affairs.” May issue, of London. The writer. Mrs. Edgar Dapdale exytains:

“Treaties and Mandates both recognine and garantee certain tights to poulations in need of protection and both permit criticism of a State’s administration by the League Council In the case of Mandates the Count off is assisted by a strong and completely independent advisory body, the League’s Mandate Commission. The Powers who accepted the Mandate accepted at the same time the obligation to repart ### to these exspert critics. Of course, no such daty could have been laid upon the States who absorbed Minority populations into term### in which they wen#########. No ### were met by a special Convention. The time may come when governments and Minorities may see a solution of their common problems in setting up an extra link in their channels of communication with the League.”

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