Berlin (May. 5)
The tenth anniversary yesterday of the death of Dr. Alfred H. Fried, one of the pioneers of the international peace idea, who was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize in 1911, has been made the occasion of numerous eulogies appearing in many of the papers here. Born in Vienna, Fried came to Berlin when he was 17 years of age and devoted himself completely to propaganda for world peace. In 1892 he founded the German Peace Society. Four years later he started the “Friedenswarte”, a monthly magazine devoted to furthering the cause of world peace. He was for many years a member of the International Peace Institute and a correspondent of the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace. He also founded the Austrian Peace Society.
During the war he lived in Switzerland, devoting himself to welfare work on behalf of prisoners of war, and he published his “Diary of the War” in four volumes. The Austrian Government brought a charge of high treason against him, but after the collapse of the Austrian Empire he returned to Vienna.
His books on the peace question include the “Peace Catachism”, “Alsace Lorraine and the War”, “What Can the St. Peters-burgh Peace Conference Accomplish”, “Under the White Flags”, “The Peace Movement in Germany”, “The Burden of Armed War and the War to Come” Handbook of the Peace Movement,” “The Problem of Disarmament”, “The Modern Arbitration Movement”, “The Objective of the Peace Movement and What it has Accomplished”, “The Modern Peace Movement”, “The First Hague Conference”, and “Internationalism and Patrictism”.
Fried’s ideas have now become common property, the “Frankfurter Zeitung” writes in an editorial, and there is hardly a European statesman to-day who does not owe a great debt to Fried.
It is a coincidence that when Fried was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize in 1911, it was another Jew, Tobias Asser, who died in 1913, who received the second Nobel Peace Prize for that years.