Reich Jews Form New Defense Unit to Protect Trade
Menu JTA Search

Reich Jews Form New Defense Unit to Protect Trade

Download PDF for this date

An organization for furthering and protecting Jewish commercial interests in Germany was formed today with the participation of all central German Jewish organizations. The council of the new organization consists of Dr. Otto Hirsch, chairman of the executive of the All-German Representative Body of German Jews; Dr. Julius Brodnitz, president of the Central Union of German Citizens of the Jewish Faith; Dr. Leo Lowenstein, president of the Federation of Jewish Ex-Soldiers; Dr. Sigfried Moses, president of the Zionist organization, and Dr. Heinrich Stahl, president of the Berlin Jewish community.

New impetus was given today to the anti-Jewish boycott in Germany when local Nazi leaders in all parts of Germany issued orders to their followers not to enter Jewish stores on pain of expulsion.

Herr Karlholz. Nazi commissar for the Nuremberg region, addressing a conference of peasants at Feuchtwagen, declared that any member of the Nazi party seen buying from a Jew will be expelled immediately. The Nazi peasant leader for each village represented at the conference pledged obedience to the boycott against Jewish merchants.

The Nazi commissar for the city of Gotha issued an emphatic warning that any one wearing the swastika emblem will be expelled it seen entering a Jewish store.

Dr. Conti, Nazi director for medical affairs in the Prussian Ministry of the Interior, announced today in the Voelkischer Beobachter that the entire municipal, sanitary and medical system of the city of Berlin has been completely cleared of Jews but declared that there is still a large proportion of Jews engaged in free medical practice. Of 6,200 doctors in Berlin, the Nazi director said, half are still “non-Aryans.” Of the 3,481 doctors on the Berlin sick fund panels at the end of October, 1933 he said, 1,888 are Jews. Conti omitted to state that most Jewish doctor were dismissed from the Berlin sick fund panels after October leaving many without proper medical service.


Jews who participated in the post-war fighting in the Baltic region, in Upper Silesia and in the Spartacist, Communist and Separatist risings are to be considered as front fighters and must be exempted from the “Aryan clause.’ the Federal Court of Labor Arbitration decided today. This will entitle such Jewish doctors to equality with all medical men who are {SPAN}##{/SPAN}war veterans and enable them {SPAN}##{/SPAN} hold posts with the sick fund{SPAN}##{/SPAN} panels. The ruling also applies to Jewish doctors in war hospital for infectious diseases even if the hospitals were not situated directly near the firing line. The only qualification is that they must have served at least six months in the hospitals.

Founding Funders

The digitization of the JTA Archive would not have been possible without the generous support of the following donors:
  • The Gottesman Fund
  • Righteous Persons Foundation
  • Charles H. Revson Foundation
  • Elisa Spungen Bildner and Robert Bildner, in honor of Norma Spungen
  • George S. Blumenthal
  • Grace and Scott Offen Charitable Fund