rades. The physical work, often very heavy, the collective exercises, the use of free time soon enable those in authority to form a pretty accurate opinion as to the character and fitness, though even then it is sometimes difficult enough to come to a just decision.
The fact that the boys and girls are fully aware of the observation, and act accordingly, often tends to increase the difficulties of an intricate task. But seven, eight hours’ toil in the fields soon renders apparent the failings and shortcomings of many a newcomer and enable the leaders to judge the real character of the candidate. The social qualities are brought to light all the more as the camp designedly offers very little comfort.
HAS SCHOOL IN BERLIN
The Jugend Alijah also maintains a school in Berlin where a group is given a six-months’ course in handicrafts. Here the program consists of half a day at the work table and half a day in cultural training, during which Hebrew is taught and lectures on Palestine are given. The school is in its embryonic stage and great prospects are held in its expansion.
Only a small propotion of the children are supported by their parents, the rest by the funds contributed by the Jugend Alijah.
After the proper certificates are received the children, that is, those who are finally selected, are sent to Palestine, accompanied by their teachers.
MISS SZOLD PLACES THEM
In Palestine the task of placing the new immigrants is in the hands of Miss Henrietta Szold, head of the juvenile section of the Central Bureau for the Settlement of German Jews.
The village of Ben-Shemen, especially founded for the settlement of youth, has, particularly during the first rush of German immigration, opened its gate in an extraordinarily generous manner to these children, of whom some 3000 have already been accommodated. Other establishments which have opened their doors to these immigrants are Ain Charod, Tel-Jo-Haifa, the Girls’ Training Farm School Talpioth, Rodges, Domestic seph, Children’s Home Ahawah in Training School, “Iwdi Home” and Mishmar Haemek.